Supply Chain Design Approach Based on Composite Simulation Models
Strategic transformation and logistic integration in supply chain management requires systematic strategic supply chain modeling, and modern simulation provides such opportunities for analysis and synthesis of efficient and integrated supply chains. Authors suggest a method of constructing and analysis of conceptual supply chain models. The following base levels of the supply chain representation are considered: object-based, configuration/network-based, process-based, and logistics coordination levels. A general simulation model of integrative supply chain is proposed based on technologies of hybrid process-and-agent-based simulation modeling. Literature review on simulation modeling application for integrative and collaborative supply chains is presented. Iterative simulation and optimization procedures for complex analysis and optimization of supply chains are proposed. The suggested approaches and techniques were tested in the case of strategic transformation of supply chain. Authors present and interpret the results of supply chain optimization и simulation modeling for a set of scenarios of logistic processes transformation and inventory management policies, interorganizational coordination mechanisms and related technological solutions.