Diagnostics of the Very Responsible Projects
In the modern quickly changing business environment the role of the project management continuously increases in activity of the companies. Since 2014 methodical recommendations about introduction of project management in executive authorities were developed. It is established that mistakes at implementation of projects lead to multimillion losses. It doesn't remain unaddressed.
When performing any work of the project there can be a mistake, which is also a deviation from the established requirements. Verification of compliance of the final product to the established requirements is an obligatory stage of implementation of any project. If mistakes in works are revealed only at this stage, then a lot of time for their localization will be required. Localization here will be detection of the works performed incorrectly. In practice the similar situation almost inevitably leads to failure to meet time constraints of end of the project and the corresponding material losses. Therefore, it is necessary to carry out checks of correctness of performance of work during implementation of the project. If to carry out check of compliance of result to all established requirements for each work and to correct errors, then compliance of the final product of the project to all to the established requirements will be guaranteed, but at the same time terms of the project and its cost can increase to unacceptable values. The problem of the choice of control points is relevant as its decision allows to reduce losses from a delay of the termination of the project caused by mistakes in works. These losses are directly bound to time of restoring a regularity of implementation of the project, and for VRP ratio is non-linear and losses quickly increase. In certain cases, such ratio is exponential.
The rational choice of control points is an effective method of decrease in time of restoring a regularity of implementation of the project when mistakes in works appeared.
Several methods of arrangement of control points are offered. They are based on the principle of maximization of the information. The diagnostic model of the project and the mathematical model of emergence of mistakes in works of the project are developed for using these methods. The criteria for comparison of options of arrangement of control points is developed as well as the algorithms and the software for the experimental check of effectiveness of the offered methods and their practical application to arrangement of control points in real projects. The experiment directed to assessment of effectiveness of each of the offered methods is made. Results of an experiment showed expediency of use of all methods as a part of a complex and its high performance.