Пандемия в (без)умном городе: цифровые протезы и аффордансы московской самоизоляции
The chapter is devoted to the actual problem of utilization, processing, and reuse of post-consumer textile waste in contemporary cities of the world. The analysis was carried out within the framework of the concept of smart city based on the study of the experience of post-consumer textile products in contemporary cities. It is concluded that the variety of secondary applications of post-consumer textile waste and its recycling is considered a promising basis for the development of new types of eco-business. In addition, the recycling of post-consumer textiles will reduce the load on waste storage facilities, reducing the harmful effects on the environment.
This paper discusses the design of exploratory objects that stimulate curiosity and exploration without instructions or explicitly posed problems. It is proposed that such an object can be considered as a specially designed meta-affordance as a challenge to curiosity and exploratory activity containing a variety of different affordances of lower levels. The concepts of deexploratory and counter-exploratory objects are also introduced. Deexploratory objects prevent non-desirable curiosity and exploration. Counter-exploratory objects are designed to do damage during their exploration. It is concluded that the comparison of objects having different specially designed exploratory, deexploratory and counter-exploratory components provide an opportunity to better understand practices of guided activity (management, manipulation) with positive and negative intentions. English full text: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/322644152_Exploratory_and_Counter-Exploratory_Objects_Design_of_Meta-Affordances
In a questionnaire study with N = 1730 participants, aged from 11 to 72 years (M = 20.4, Me = 19, SD = 6,96), 60% females, we developed the Relevance of the Home Environment Questionnaire (RHEQ) aimed at measuring parameters of the home environment as inhabitants’ eco-social resource. Results from exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses showed that the seven-factor structure of the questionnaire was uniquely identified. The scales were titled as follows: Privacy, Potential, Self-presentation, Ergonomics, Home detachment, Plasticity, and Historicity. Consistency coefficients (Cronbach’s alpha) of scales ranged from .91 to .94. Age trends in four out of seven scales were found. Potential scores were higher in women, while Home detachment - in men. Content validity was investigated by comparison of home relevance scores in students living in their own homes or dormitories. Convergent validity was explored by measuring correlations of the scales with the Functionality of the Home Environment Questionnaire and the Home Attachment Scale. All psychometric properties are satisfactory. Data was discussed with regard to the possible applications in research, expertise, and psychotherapy.
A new sociotechnical governance model “digital autocracy”, has appeared and started to spread throughout the world in the recent years. Its appearance became possible by reason of structural transformation of neoliberalism: a formation of platform economy based on digital infrastructure and big data. The emergence of digital autocracies was not a result of the governing class’s initial plan to use the internet politically. This is a constellation of many factors that formed in the process of adaptation of political regimes in a number of countries to external (global economic competition, external political conflicts) and internal (political destabilization) challenges. The article is devoted to studying the place and role of smart cities in the sociotechnical governance model of digital autocracies. The smart city functioning specifics in an institutional landscape of political regimes that use a digital infrastructure as a tool to control society have been analyzed on a number of examples. Separately, the article analyzes problems related to the use of data in urban governance: excessive data extraction and non-transparency of state information systems.