Policy and Governance for Waste Management in Russia
Over the past decades Russia has accumulated large quantities of waste that was mainly directed to landfills. Vast territory of the country and large non-populated areas have blurred the problems. The existing authorized landfills have reached their capacity limits, and the number of unauthorized one has been growing. Moreover, overloaded and outdated landfills lead to negative social and environmental impacts, including methane and other emissions, pollution of ground water and related heath hazards. The chapter analyzes Russia’s waste reform that was launched in 2015-2017. The policy measures included a package of legislative and regulatory acts and national initiatives (projects) aimed at introducing a comprehensive management system for industrial- and municipal waste. Timewise, these efforts are comparable with the latest policy interventions in BRICS, however the countries face different challenges.