Роль финансовой составляющей в определении индексов для оценки уровня развития циркулярной экономики в нефтегазовой отрасли
Russia is a developing country that is just beginning to realize the need to apply modern environmental methods, but so far the implementation cases are limited to private initiatives and internal standards of some companies that want to improve their image by meeting the environmental expectations of investors. The oil and gas industry is fundamentally important for Russia. It forms about 60% of the federal budget, and the share of the oil and gas sector in total exports is more than 2/3. To achieve sustainable development of the industry, it is necessary not only to constantly produce and sell raw materials. They need to be combined with in-depth processing, accelerated development of industry science and oil and gas engineering, professional development of personnel, and a set of measures to ensure environmental protection. The introduction of a circular economy in the oil and gas sector is the best way to bring the country's economy closer to the idea of sustainable development and growth. The authors propose to combine modern strategic approaches to assessing reversibility in the use of resources into a scheme for analyzing the most promising areas.