Социологические открытия "открытых систем"
In the aspect of the Russian Federation preparation for the holding of the global sports competitions, not only practical questions become urgent, but also a theoretical analysis of the legal regulation of sports relations problems does. This article touches on the basic methodological approaches to the category «mechanism of legal regulation» in the context of relations arising in sports sphere.
In the current study, we evaluate relations between parameters of the ideas exchange process and individual creativity. The following parameters of creativity were analyzed: productivity, flexibility, and originality. Effects of ideas sharing on parameters of creativity were assessed in an idea exposure paradigm. Stimulus ideas were subdivided into 4 semantic categories: with high level of novelty; with low level of originality; of aggressive content; "silly". The hypotheses were that the individual creativity is influenced by the semantic characteristics and the way of the exposure of stimulus ideas; that the originality of subject's ideas depends on the level of novelty of stimulus ideas. We analyzed obtained data using structural equation modeling (SEM). Experimental results showed the most intensive changes in creativity in groups, where ideas with high level of novelty, as well as "silly", "senseless" had been exposed. The results of the study could be applied to a practice of generation of novel ideas and their assessment, as well as to various procedures and stages for the stimulation of individual creativity.
The paper aims at elaborating a new approach to events as basic elements of the social. With this paper the author starts a new large project “Theory of social events”. Events are meaningful units observed as occurrences in space and time. The intervals of time and pieces of space both are indivisible for an observer, therefore containing no smaller events. However the events are interrelated, they have logical construction, implying both a number of other possible events and a kind of inner heterogeneity. Event are framed in situations and figurations, they can have a relativist and an absolute character for the observer and/or participants in social life. One kind of the logical implications they have is the past that must have been for an event to occur. This is the logical structure of the argument proposed here.
The chapter is devoted to the study of surrealist exhibitions and the collective creativity of surrealists.