Классификация форм презентизма и антипрезентизма в историографии науки
One of the most important methodological problems in historiography of science is the problem of presentism, the alleged distortions induced when studying the past fromthe point of view of the present. During the discussion of this problem, the researchers identified a variety of types of presentism and anti-presentism, thus complicating the
discussion. This report examines the classification of types of presentism proposed by Laurent Loison: empirical, descriptive, causal-narrative, normative, and critical presentisms. It is shown that some earlier and more particular classifications of historiographic positions in the presentism dispute (by Mikhail Rozov or by William Clark, for example), not being taken into account by Loison himself, fit into his general classification. Loison‘s classification is considered as a necessary preliminary step for rehabilitation of "benign" forms of presentism, actualizing historical and scientific research from scientific and philosophical points of view.