Обеспечение правопорядка и борьба с революционными элементами на территории Смоленской губернии в 1914-1915 гг.
This article deals with the law enforcement activities of state power structures, aimed at ensuring law and order in the Smolensk province in the period 1914-1915. At the same time, there is an analysis of the new powers of the police and the gendarme provincial administration, dictated by the realities of wartime and the specifics of the Smolensk province as a front-line region. The fight against anti-war propaganda and revolutionary manifestations is considered as a separate issue.
The publication is devoted to various aspects of the history of Paris XVI-XVIII centuries. Particular attention is paid to the functioning of the municipal administration, the forms of social control, reconstruction projects and decorating the city in accordance with the requirements of the era.
the article deals with the most important aspects of intellectual struggle on the initial period of the First World War. The author reconstructs the logic of reasoning appeared in manifestos of scientists and artists that were issued in Germany, Great Britain and Russia and became an important element of struggle. In addition, the article analyzes Russian religious philosophers debate about the meaning of the war, its goals and objectives. The author postulates in conclusion the importance of intellectual struggle as one of the elements of total conflict.
The report presents the results of the study of claims-making in the LiveJournal posts about police and prison violence in Russia. The study is based on two cases: violence against the detainee Sergei Nazarov in the police department "Dalny" in Kazan in March 2012, which became the cause of his death, and open letters sent by Pussy Riot member Nadezhda Tolokonnikova from penal colony located in Mordovia in September and October 2013. The data highlight, firstly, the dominant retranslating function of the blogosphere and its weak mobilizing function, secondly, the similarity of rhetorical idioms used in these two cases, in particular, the rhetoric of endangerment (to citizens from authorities) and rhetoric of calamity (focused on Vladimir Putin’s presidency), third, attempts to legitimize violence against detainees and prisoners, fourthly, the systemic bloggers’ perception of processes in Russian police, prisons and penal colonies, fifth, the dominance of civic and sarcastic styles of claims-making in the blogosphere.
Après la publication consacrée à la mobilisation financière pendant la Grande guerre (2015) et celle centrée sur le désordre des finances publiques en temps de guerre (2016), ce troisième volume entend se pencher sur l’appel à la fiscalité. L'ouvrage poursuit l'étude comparée du financement de la Grande Guerre par les différents pays belligérants. Le patriotisme financier, qui s'est manifesté lors des emprunts, s'est-il prolongé dans un consensus autour de l'impôt ou bien s'est-il conjugué avec des résistances, voire le développement de fraudes, face l'augmentation des contributions fiscales ? Dans ce volume, l'analyse comparative des effets de l'élévation de la fiscalité dans les pays européens nourrit la réflexion historique et permet de tracer là encore des similitudes et des différences parfois inattendues entre les territoires.
The article is devoted to police moonlighting in Russia. Despite the initial function of law regulation, in many countries police transformed in a destructive tool. In contemporary time police are highly involved in economic activity, which is embedded in business and political spheres. The authors describe the complicated intertwining of legal and illegal aspects of the activity, and bring light to fundamental causes of police moonlighting and socio-economic and political consequences of the phenomenon. The article is based on results of researches of key Russian teams in this field.
In the text the authors analyze blurred boundaries between the legal and illegal markets taking an example of the shadow economic activities of police officers in Russia. Being a tool for maintaining law and order, in many transformation countries the police has turned into a powerful vehicle of institutional subversion. The authors summarize publications investigating police corruption and moonlighting in Russia as a socially embedded phenomenon. They reveal the fundamental reasons for commercialization of the police activity.