Nonprofit management context: Russia and the FSU
The Russian third sector has been developing now for about three decades or so. Over the last ﬁve to seven years, growth has accelerated due to public policies aimed at supporting nonproﬁt entities as service providers in the social sphere, as well as the population’s growing involvement in volunteering. While Russia’s third sector had been stuck in a statist model with a generally limited scope, low level of volunteering, small ﬁnancial support from the government, and a focus on advocacy, culture and leisure, it is now moving to another model with stronger volunteer participation, more government spending for NPOs and a higher proﬁle of NPO as social service providers. This capter will provide a description of the dynamically changing context of NPO governance which is important for understanding not only the Russian speciﬁcs but also for casting more light on developments relating to NPOs in other former Soviet Union (FSU) countries outside the Baltics, which are covered in Chapter 4.