Эволюция трех классических жанров японской поэзии: от танка — через рэнга — к хайку (VIII–XVII вв.)
Waka (“Japanese song”) — is a general definition, which includes mainly tanka (“short song”) and several other miner poetic forms (six lined sedo:ka, “long song” nagauta, etc. that were popular in VIII c.), but mostly used as a synonym for five lined tanka. The poetry of waka appeared in ancient times and was widely represented in the first anthology of Japanese verse Man’yosyu: VIII c. Hokku — is the first three lines of the long linked verse renga, unique dialogical form, created mostly by two, three and more poets, lyrical roll call of different voices. Essentially renga is the tanka of 31 syllable, divided into two parts (before caesura and after), original onset and sequel, repeated defined number of times. The gist of the poem consists entirely not only in the text, but also in the elusive link between stanzas, which is called kokoro (heart, soul, feeling). The link between the first and the second parts of the verse of 17 and 14 syllables was described in Japanese by word nioi (fragrance).