Media and Information Literacy and the Culture of Open Government: A Common Genesis
The article demonstrates that the concepts of media and information literacy and open government culture have common origin conditioned by close interconnection of four social macro-subjects: the mass media in the Galtung triangle formed by the state, capital and civil society. The formation of open government culture reflects one of the sides of the triangle: the link between the state and civil society. However, due to the mode of social development, none of the four macro-subjects can develop without the development of the others. The development of the media sphere conditions the development of media and information literacy congruent to the development of the other components – which means that there is a close connection between the formation of open government culture and the development of media and information literacy, as indicated by the simultaneous appearance in the academic literature of the late 1960s and early 70s of the terms “open government” and “media literacy”. At the same time, the common origin of the concepts of media and information literacy and open government culture does not imply their identity and the necessity of bringing them together under the umbrella term of “media, information and civil literacy”. The categories of media and information, and media and information literacy as their derivative have a common informationcommunicative nature while the concept of civil literacy crosses by far the borders of information-communicative processes to approach practical social action.