Оценка влияния экономики совместного использования на малый и средний гостиничный бизнес в России
The aim of this work was to identify the existing types of massive open online courses integration into the educational process with the help of assessing the practices adopted by foreign and Russian universities. Besides, the authors identified conditions necessary for successful integration of online courses into academic programs of Russian universities and marked basic advantages and limitation of using MOOC in the educational process. Analysis used the data from academic publications, university regulatory documents, university official sites and 5 expert interviews with executives and administrators of online learning centers from leading Russian universities - members of «National open learning platform» (NOLP) Association. The analysis of MOOC integration into educational process allowed for identifying three main types of online courses inclusion into academic programs: 1) MOOC integration into blended format of learning; 2) replacement of several full-time courses by online disciplines; 3) creating a program of an online master course with all courses taught in online format.
Research «Problems of Switching to Distance Education in the Russian Federation through the Eyes of Teachers» was carried out by the Laboratory for Me- diacommunications in Education of the National Research University Higher School of Economics in late March — early April 2020. The aim is to identify main problems and difficulties faced by teachers during this period. 22 600 teachers in 75 regions of the country were participated in the survey. The availability of devices for con- ducting video and audio lessons and working with online platforms was evaluated among teachers and pupil. At the time of the survey only 25% of teachers conduct- ed video lessons. Rural schools and schools in small and medium-sized towns are at risk due to the small numbers of devices for online classes in families. In addition to problems with technical support and low speed of Internet connection teachers point out the lack of training materials on online platforms from such subjects as music, art, additional education and adapted manuals for children with disabilities. The current situation in 6 regions was reviewed separately: Saratov Oblast, Kras- nodar Krai, Zabaykalsky Krai, Omsk Oblast, Murmansk Oblast and Sakha (Yakutia) Republic.
Regional education authorities may be interested in this research as an objective assessment of the transition to distance learning and to build integrated work to eliminate the most actual problems.