Япония в XVII веке
A monograph about Ikkyu Sojun (1394-1481), Japanese Zen monk, poet, artist, calligrapher and the embodiment of cultural and spiritual life of his time, Muromachi epoch.
The history of the mankind is closely connected with the universal processes and to a large extent determined by natural laws. History is made up of the process of interchanges of dominance between Countryside (e.g. ancient east societies, early medieval European states), with slow development, and Town (city-states of Antiquity with its protobourgeoisie and electiveness of governmental structures, modern Europe and America), with much more rapid one.
Drawing upon exegetical and scientific writings of Isaac Newton, his followers (W. Whiston) and opponents (Ch. Burnet), present study deals with the rise of objectivism – fundamental epistemic principle underlying the modern scientific worldview. The study is focused upon the synthesis of three epistemological principles, which shaped the science of Enlightenment: hermeneutic transparency of text in exegesis, mathematical certainty in natural science, and realistic mimesis in literary criticism. The author also examines the epistemological project, opposed to objectivistic paradigm, that puts together allegory in biblical scholarship, hypothetical method in physic and the primacy of literariness over referentiality in literary theory. Present article seeks to contribute to the genealogy of objective reality – ontological a priori of the modern scientific thought, emerged from the confusion of methodologies and discourses, characteristic to early Modern Times.
The article focuses on the origins of anarchist individualism theory in the USA. It explores the reflections of the leading proponents of American anarchist individualism on the transformation of natural law and social contract concepts in the XIX c.
анархо-индивидуализм, США, Естественное право, Общественный договор, Просвещение, anarchist individualism, USA, natural law, social contract, Enlightenment