Всемирная история.Том 3. Мир в раннее Новое время
The article focuses on the origins of anarchist individualism theory in the USA. It explores the reflections of the leading proponents of American anarchist individualism on the transformation of natural law and social contract concepts in the XIX c.
анархо-индивидуализм, США, Естественное право, Общественный договор, Просвещение, anarchist individualism, USA, natural law, social contract, Enlightenment
Volume is devoted to a wide range of issues of history and modern foreign countries.
Drawing upon exegetical and scientific writings of Isaac Newton, his followers (W. Whiston) and opponents (Ch. Burnet), present study deals with the rise of objectivism – fundamental epistemic principle underlying the modern scientific worldview. The study is focused upon the synthesis of three epistemological principles, which shaped the science of Enlightenment: hermeneutic transparency of text in exegesis, mathematical certainty in natural science, and realistic mimesis in literary criticism. The author also examines the epistemological project, opposed to objectivistic paradigm, that puts together allegory in biblical scholarship, hypothetical method in physic and the primacy of literariness over referentiality in literary theory. Present article seeks to contribute to the genealogy of objective reality – ontological a priori of the modern scientific thought, emerged from the confusion of methodologies and discourses, characteristic to early Modern Times.