Интегральный подход к изучению отношения личности к жизненным оппозициям
Ways of achieving and integration of personological knowledge about oppositions as a phenomenon of individual life and methods of its cognition are developed. Mythology, literature, philosophy, theoretical and experimental psychology are given as sources of hermeneutical research. Phenomenon of oppositions is described as the ontological and cultural universalia: objective, linguistic, semantic, psychic one. Various facets of personal relationships with oppositions belonging to different «areas» of human life are revealed. The models of constructive and destructive genesis of oppositions between consciousness and unconsciousness, which are explicated from the theory of personality types by C. G. Jung, are presented.
The influence of available information on personal development and on the formation of pseudo-complemented discussed in this paper. Free access to information leads to a sense of «know-it-all» and a wealth of skills and knowledge. This phenomenon can be particularly evident in children and adolescents who have not yet learned social norms, have poorly developed critical thinking and don’t know how to select and analyze information.
Nonism refers to the attitude of whoever is neither for nor against a given issue.Midway between affirmation and denial, or truth and falsity, the nonist says neither "yes" nor "no" and intrigues by his lack of clear answer to any related question. What does (s)he say, if any, and what is the sense of such an attitude? Through the special case of politics, three sorts of nonists are depicted in the following: the nonist by default, the nonist by interest, and the nonist by absurdity. The first cannot say anything else and the second does not want to, whilst the third paves a new way toward a refoundation of political discourse. The conditions of possibility of such a refoundation rely upon the dialectical relationship between two distinctive rationales, namely: the world of theoretical ideas, and the world of events. The resulting contradiction witnesses the crisis of political activity, and some output solutions will be suggested accordingly.