Научение комплексной закономерности у студентов с интуитивным и рациональным стилем мышления
Complex Rule Learning Among Students with Intuitive and Rational Thinking Styles
The relation between thinking styles (intuitive and rational) and performance in a multiple-cue learning task was investigated. We expected the intuitive thinking style to be positively correlated with the percentage of correct answers and metacognitive sensitivity (the ability to differentiate between one's own correct and wrong answers). The intuitive thinking style was positively correlated with confidence judgments. Meanwhile, the rational style was negatively correlated with those judgments. However, there was no statistically significant correlation between accuracy and intuitive or rational thinking styles. Metacognitive sensitivity in the learning phase was positively related to the “intuitive ability” subscale. Situational decision-making strategies (intuitive and rational) were correlated with intuitive and rational thinking styles respectively. Accuracy in the learning phase was somewhat higher among participants with the analytical decision-making strategy, versus those participants who utilized the intuitive strategy.