The role of higher education and labor market cooperation in solving the problems of social inequality of university graduates
We maintain that the most important similarities between the two types of evolution stem from the following points
The article actualizes the method of historical-philosophical reconstruction, that was applied during the preparation process for publication of archival materials of the second part of the fundamental Gustav Shpet’s work, named "History as a problem of logic". This publication continues the already formed in the last decades practice of introduction into scientific circulation of Russian philosophers’ philosophical texts, previously either available in a limited or distorted statute, or only available to a limited number of persons, who had direct access to archive materials. The author believes that today we can confidently assert that we are talking about the introduction to the philosophical work of manuscripts as special elements of modern social world, and not just about archival republication as a tribute to the past. Moreover, in this case we face the situation of the reconstruction, that restores and reconstructs the context and contents of the unpublished work. The article demonstrates how the reconstruction and commenting allow to actualize the texts of Russian philosophers of the early XXth, and thus to focus the specifics of the modern Russian philosophical tradition. The author also traces the pathway of the intellectual movements of G. Shpet in the frameworks of the problem of historical knowledge, demonstrating the relevance of his logical and methodological searches.
The key thesis of the article is that the epoch, defined by the American Marxist Fredric Jameson as postmodern, can be characterized as a “sense of the end”. And since Jameson himself in his book “Postmodernism, or the cultural logic of late capitalism” does not thoroughly analyze the discussions about the end of history, ideology, etc., the author does it instead of him to conrm or overturn this thesis. Considering the key concepts of the discussions that took place in social, cultural and political theory (the end of ideology, the end of art, the end of social, the end of history), the author traces their relationship with the term postmodern and discovers between the concepts not always noticeable, sometimes too fine, but still strong connections. As a result, it is concluded that these discussions, despite the fact that they took place in completely difierent areas of social knowledge, create “polarities” and form a single discursive space, which can be characterized as a “discursive field of postmodern”. The completion of the discussions at the beginning of the XXI century shows the transition from the postmodern to a new stage of intellectual history.
In the first part of this article we survey general similarities and differences between biological and social macroevolution. In the second (and main) part, we consider a concrete mathematical model capable of describing important features of both biological and social macroevolution. In mathematical models of historical macrodynamics, a hyperbolic pattern of world population growth arises from non-linear, second-order positive feedback between demographic growth and technological development. This is more or less identical with the working of the collective learning mechanism. Based on diverse paleontological data and an analogy with macrosociological models, we suggest that the hyperbolic character of biodiversity growth can be similarly accounted for by non-linear, second-order positive feedback between diversity growth and the complexity of community structure, suggesting the presence within the biosphere of a certain analogue of the collective learning mechanism. We discuss how such positive feedback mechanisms can be modelled mathematically.
The comparison between biological and social macroevolution is a very important (though insufficiently studied) subject, the analysis of which offers new significant possibilities to understand the processes, the trends, mechanisms, and peculiarities of both types of macroevolution.
This chapter demonstrates that, as online games develop and grow in complexity, the "social" in these games, i.e. all types of interactions based on regularities of human communication, evolves as well. Multiplayer online games fulfil many functions in providing the "role distance" of players, enabling them to learn new social roles, alleviate the alienation of their everyday work, reflect on routine social situations, and practice the "naive" performance of game roles. The evolution of the social in massively multiplayer onlie role-playing games reveals in two trends: 1) variety of the "social" increases, thus including more abstract types and overcoming the anthropomorphic body, and 2) the freedom of interaction and dialogue grows wider, enabling players to contribute to shaping the story line of the game.
The present monograph considers some macrohistorical trends along with the aspects of globalization. Macrohistory is history on the large scale that tells the story of the entire world or of some major dimensions of historical process. For the present study three aspects of macrohistory have been chosen. These are technological and political aspects, as well as the one of historical personality. Taken together they give a definite picture of unfolding historical process which is described from the beginning of human society formation to the present day and near future. The combination in the monograph title of the two terms – macrohistory and globalization – is in no way artificial. On the contrary, the connection of these terms is organic at least as the real goal of macrohistory is to find meaning in the past so as to create new possibilities of meaning for the future. The analysis of globalization also includes three aspects: political, economic and futurological as today the world may well be regarded as being at the start of a new global reconfiguration. The author presents his ideas of the world prospective political and in some respects social-economic development basing on the analysis of macrohistory and contemporary globalization processes. The monograph also considers some global scenarios of the World System's near future.
The 3° ICHSS 2013 is organized by MCSER-Mediterranean Center of Social and Educational Research. The conference addressed all studies across the social and human sciences. In the spirit of interdisciplinary interchange, there was no specific topic but the Conference has involved scholars, teachers and researchers working in a broad range of areas including: Education, Anthropology, Applied Sciences, Behavioral Sciences, Cognitive Science, Literature, Language, Communications, History, Economics, Environmental Sciences, Health Sciences, Humanities, Interdisciplinary Studies, Law, Management, Media, Politics, Public Policy, Psychology, Qualitative Methods, Quantitative Methods, Social Welfare, Sociology, Technology, Geography and many other areas related to the social and human sciences. The conference provides an opportunity for academicians and professionals from various social and human fields all over the world to come together and learn from each other. An additional goal of the conference is to provide a place for academicians and professionals with cross-disciplinary interests to meet and interact with members inside and outside their own particular disciplines. The third edition of the ICHSS is held in Rome on September 20-22, 2013, in the Congress Center of Gregorian Pontifical University of Rome.