Взаимодействие в классе
More and more middle school graduates opt for vocational schools every year. They are normally less academically successful students from lower economicand cultural backgrounds. Still, the vocational education system must provide the chance to have a quality general education to anyone who follows this trajectory after the ninth grade. The article uses findings of the Trajectories in Education and Careers longitudinal study to compare the important conditions of obtaining a general mathematical education, i. e. the professional and demographic characteristics of vocational and high school teachers and their teaching practices. The comparison reveals an inequality in students’ access to educational resources depending on the chosen trajectory.The differences revealed are related to the institutional characteristics of the two trajectories and make it possible to say that the latter embrace different types of general education.
The competence of mathematical modelling is well conceptualized, thought a much-debated question is how to develop it in schools. International achievement test PISA consider mathematics achievements from the modelling perspective (formulating, employing and interpreting), and provides us with comprehensive data to analyze school factors in math results from the comparative perspective. The goal of our study was to estimate the effect of teaching practices on students’ achievements in different PISA mathematical processes while controlling prior achievements (TIMSS).
These guidelines are addressed to teachers who conduct and develop lessons that foster XXI-century skills, taht is critical and creative thinking, communication and cooperation ("4C"). Theis guide describes in detail what are "4C" and their integration into the modern educational process. The book also includes 1) materials necessary for designing pedagogical activities that foster "4C" competencies; 2) assessment tools that allow a teacher to assess the level of these competencies during the lesson; 3) methods by which teachers can conduct joint pedagogical research and mastering new forms of work. All the materials presented in the guidelines were tested in Russian schools.