Небанковская финансовая система
The work contains diagnosing оf the problems in the Russian domestic savings; detailed analysis of 27 foreign pension systems in the world and instruments of development policy in collective investments in the United States, the European Union and the BRICS countries; quantitative study of factors affecting the level of development of pension funds and collective investments in 50 countries.
The article deals with longevity risk, which is faced by non-state pension funds, and possible methods of its management. Longevity risk arises from uncertainty in future mortality trends and is related with the guaranteed lifelong pension payments. The emphasis is put on the impact of this risk on solvency of non-state pension funds. Results of the estimation show, that the effect is quite significant and longevity risk has to be controlled. Two possible methods of risk management for longevity risk are discussed: special reserves and life expectancy forecasting.
The article gives the main ways of practical realization of risks, which appear during the process of cooperation between non-state pension funds and commercial banks on the basis of deposit agreements. Methods and mechanisms of prevention and elimination of risks’ realization are aggregated. The article summarizes the important experience that can be useful during the process of developing a non-state pension fund’s investment strategy.
We introduce simulation models of stock exchange to explore which traders are successful and how their strategies influence to their wealth and probability of bankruptcy. The results of our experiments show that there is a critical level of agent’s experience (or luck) such that agents with this or higher level almost sure will survive on the market on the long run. This critical level is just slightly higher 1/2 and such small value explains why so many people try to trade on the stock exchange. But if trader uses margin trading, the critical level is much higher and shows the risk of excessive losses.
Mathematical and computer simulation of economic processes.
The author analyzes the most widely applied risk management standards in Russia, emphasizing the lack of a clear system for operational risk management. Reviewing the challenges emerging on European markets due to the introduction of the Solvency II directive, he suggests approaches to the solution of possible problems for Russian insurers.
The article examines the experience of China's investment policy aimed at creating favorable conditions to attract investment, particularly foreign direct investments, to the most important country's industries. In recent years, this policy (the establishment of free economic zones, trade liberalization, the establishment of an appropriate legislative framework, state support for investors) has brought noticeable positive results, but with the beginning of the global financial crisis allowed to avoid the most painful consequences. This experience taking into account all its particularities can be useful for our economy.
Computer simulation of equilibrium prices for the stock exchange