СТРАТЕГИЯ ПРОРЫВА СТАРОПРОМЫШЛЕННЫХ РЕГИОНОВ: РОЛЬ ПЕРСПЕКТИВНЫХ ЦЕНТРОВ ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКОГО РОСТА
Cities have a crucial role in the development of regions through the development of innovation. When considering the old industrial cities there is a contradiction. On the one hand, this is the need for innovative cities developing as the main drivers of regional development, on the other - the old-industrial nature of the “core” of a given region. This allows us to formulate a hypothesis: the development of old industrial regions will be associated with maintaining current trends without prioritizing sustainable spatial development, as old industrial centers will not be able to ensure the involvement of these regions in economic growth.
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to introduce findings of comparative analysis and various models based on cultural heritage resources to foster regional development.
Design/methodology/approach – Comparison of operational schemes, market positions and branding of three successful cultural heritage centers in Germany, Great Britain and Russia demonstrates a variety of regional development models based on cultural resources and tourism development, and reveals their advantages and disadvantages.
Findings – The paper evidences the potential of cultural resources and the tourism sector as drivers for regional development, and helps formulate basic recommendations for the Russian situation requiring elaboration of adequate financial and social instruments.
Originality/value – The paper provides a complex analysis of different operational models in three European countries with regard to specific national situations and specificity of heritage operational management.
The paper discusses social aspects of higher education institutions engagement with their regional communities. On the basis of the cases of the Russian Siberian and Southern Federal Universities the author analyzes practices and formats of their interaction with different regional stakeholders as part of the FUs' social function implementation. The FU's capacity to enhance their third mission is assessed. The author suggests a set of indicators to assess universities social activities impact on development of the regions, and puts forward recommendations on building the federal universities capacity for fulfilling their third role. The paper is prepared within the framework of the Ministry of Education and Science project "Organizational and analytical support to the national priority project "Education" on activities aimed at "Development of Federal Universities", carried out by the National Training Foundation.