Technological and legal issues of identifying a person on the internet to ensure information security
This article investigates the problem of identifying a person on the Internet by legal and technical means. The practice of identifying people in Russia and the UK was studiedand compared. Russia was selected because its legislation is well known to the authors, and the UK was selected as it has developed a mature system for the online identification of individuals and relationships and a certain legal regulation in this sphere.An analysis of two government programs was made, namely: the UK Identity Assurance Programme of the Government Digital Service and the Russian Government Decree on “The development of the Federal state information system”. In terms of technological background for person’s identification, the practice of using IPv4 and IPv6 was explored. Russia's specific problems are analysed via the protection of privacy in the case of personal identification and the processing of personal data on the Internet. The authorsdraw conclusions about the division of the concepts of identification and individualization of people on the Internet. Weintroduceourown definition of personal identification on the Internet and proposean amendment to the Russian concept of personal data: the definition of personal data should include the IP address of a person.