OFDMA Uplink Scheduling in IEEE 802.11ax Networks
In the modern world, a high-speed wireless Internet connection is a necessity rather than a luxury. To improve the efficiency of Wi-Fi networks in dense deployment, a novel amendment to the Wi-Fi standard, namely IEEE 802.11ax introduces Orthogonal frequency-division multiple access (OFDMA). In contrast to legacy Wi-Fi, where performance of a station to a considerable degree depends on rate control, aggregation and other decision-making algorithms implemented at the station, in 11ax networks it is the access point that schedules channel time and specifies transmission parameters for both uplink and downlink. Although OFDMA scheduling in 11ax has much in common with that in cellular networks, e.g. LTE, 11ax has some peculiarities, especially for uplink transmission. Focusing on such peculiarities, in this paper, we investigate the scheduling problem in 11ax, propose a set of schedulers for 11ax, compare their performance and determine the gain achievable by the usage of OFDMA.