Структура повседневного диалога как последовательность речевых актов (The structure of everyday dialogue as the sequence of speech acts)
The structure of Russian everyday dialogue was studied on the basis of 73 microdialogues of everyday speech communication from the ʽOne Day of Speechʼ corpus (the ORD Corpus). The aim of the research was to find out what types of speech acts commonly initiate and complete everyday dialogues, as well as to reveal the most typical sequences of speech acts in these dialogues. Altogether, 2230 speech acts of 30 people referring to both professional, and household conversations have been analysed. N-gram analysis has been used to calculate the most frequent sequences of speech acts. The obtained results showed that dialogues are usually started by representatives, i.e. speech acts related to the exchange of information (38% of all cases), etiquette beginnings (greetings, vocatives) take place in 23% of the dialogues, and in 19% of cases the conversation begins with a regulative form. Speech acts ending dialogues show a greater variety: representatives contribute 2% of all dialogue ends, valuative judgments and regulatory forms cover 14% each, further go directives (8%), commissions (8%), etiquette forms (8%) and emotional and expressive form (7%). As for the most typical bigrams of speech acts, they are the following: two consecutive representatives (22.35%), a regulatory form followed by a representative (6.93%), a representative and a regulatory form (6%), a valuative with a following representative (5.21%), a representative and a valuative judgment (4.77%), as well as two combinations of a directive with a representative (2.77% each). Besides, the article presents data on the occurrence of the most frequent pairs of speech acts at the subtype level. Here, the most frequent one is the sequence ʽquestionʼ+ʽanswerʼ, which covers 2.45%.