The article deals with the range of perfectionism studies in Russia. The analysis of Russian publications on perfectionism draws up three major classes of research: foreign studies and their critique, adaptation of foreign questionnaires and the development of Russian instruments, the studies of perfectionism in association with other psychological phenomena and its influence on well-being. Results show that Russian social changes influence the directions in perfectionism research. On the one hand, the changes embrace higher social individuation, status and prestige in personal goal-setting, mass mediated external well-being standards and orientation toward achievement and success on a global scale. On the other hand, research dynamics underlines perfectionism ambivalence and methodological gaps in its investigations. Additionally, the article discusses cultural relevance of perfectionism, the rationale for cross-cultural approach and shortage of cross-cultural perfectionism studies regarding Russia. The results of present paper might be significant in terms of specifying perfectionism, developing multi-dimensional methodologies, drawing conclusions in cross-cultural research with Russian samples and identifying motivational factors in the context of globalized education.
Imposter syndrome is feeling incompetent despite evidence of competence. It is characterized by the inability to internalize one's status and success, which causes much emotional distress. People with imposter syndrome fear that others will eventually find out that they are frauds and thus feel that they do not belong in their academic or working environment despite objective qualifications, achievements, and accomplishments. Perfectionism has been linked to imposter syndrome due to a tendency to focus on one's inadequacies. In this study, participants were 169 Russian college students. Mediating and moderating effects of imposter syndrome on the link between perfectionism and psychological distress were examined. Results indicated that imposter syndrome fully mediated the link between perfectionism and anxiety, whereas it served as a partial mediator between perfectionism and depression. A significant moderation effect of imposter syndrome was found between the link of perfectionism and depressive mood. In sum, it appears that if a person does not fall into the imposter mindset, the positive link between perfectionistic discrepancy and depression no longer exists. Results of this study identify imposter syndrome as a point of intervention to prevent depression caused by perfectionism.