Методы факторного анализа, применение в логистике
The analysis of the methods of deterministic factor analysis is given, the method of distribution of the indecomposable residue is given for the method of coefficients.
Referential choice between various referential expressions, such as de-scriptions, proper names, and pronouns, depends on a variety of factors. We present recent results of our modeling study into referential choice, based on the RefRhet corpus. The account of additional factors and the employment of mixed machine learning techniques enabled an improvement of referential choice prediction. This applies both to the two-way choice between full NP and pronoun and to the threeway choice “descriptive full NP vs. proper name vs. pronoun”. We have demonstrated that the great majority of the factors taken into account are significant for modeling the referential choice.
Many efforts have been done in developing the national innovation system (NIS) concept. However, there are the limitations, which do not allow to make it operable and effective in practice. This investigation attempts to eliminate some limitations of the approach. The NIS is presented as three interrelated macro blocs: business environment, environment producing new knowledge and knowledge transfer mechanism. The principles of performance and effi-ciency measuring of NIS are proposed. The system structure-object and functional approaches to NIS performance and efficiency are applied. The former is used for decomposition of NIS objects of high aggregation level. The latter is available for analysis of NIS efficiency and its factors. The methods allow to estimate the NIS component by component and identify the cause-effect chains of factors impacts on its elements. The key policy tools tailored to liqui-date and mitigate market failure and NIS dysfunctions are proposed. Keywords: innovation activity, structure-object decomposition, functional analysis, effi-ciency, factors, innovation policy, stages of development
Consumer ethnocentrism is a special field in marketing literature that emerged from the theoretical and empirical attempts to identify the effects associated with a specific perception of domestic products by consumers. As it was demonstrated in several studies, the patriotic economic behavior of consumers can be observed under certain socio-economic and cultural conditions. This behavior has a positive effect on the assessment of quality, perceived value and willingness to buy domestic products and a negative impact on the consumption of foreign goods. However, understanding the possible marketing effects of consumer ethnocentrism is significantly limited due to the lack of relevant research experience at the regional rather than national level - both in the international and Russian practice. In this paper, a comprehensive analysis of the results of previous studies is conducted in order to provide theoretical support for existence of consumer patriotism at the regional level in Russia. The obtained results can serve a basis for hypotheses development of further empirical research.
The work is devoted to the problems of carrying out the analysis of execution of budgets. The methodology of plan-factual analysis of profit at a trading enterprise, which has a large assortment of goods, is described, the model of analysis is described in detail. With the use of a large factual material, the results of the approbation of the method are presented: the necessary calculations are made, the interpretation of the results obtained and recommendations on the use of the methodology are formulated.
The paper is devoted the consideration of problems and their solution set and proposed by “The Strategy of Innovation Development of the Russian Federation for Period to 2020” (“Innovative Russia 2020”). The principles of The Strategy and stages of its realization, the model of coordination of interaction of blocks of national innovation system is investigated in accordance with the theory and practice of modern innovation development. It is shown that The Strategy is based on an attempt to establish the state administration management of innovation processes by means of integration of large business and bureaucracy. The danger and risks of realization of this approach for Russia development are investigated. The paper contrasts this approach with one based on building modern national innovation system. In the center this national innovation system there are independent enterprises absorbed in market environment, that are cooperated with institutes creating, distributing and storing knowledge. In the system, the state is considered as a catalyst and a partner of innovation processes, but not their administrator.
The paper analyzes the regulatory legal acts of the federal and regional levels governing the transformation of the remuneration system in general education in the post-Soviet period. The advantages and disadvantages of payment models for pedagogical work are determined. The definition of "institutional trap" is considered and the boundaries of the concept are established in the context of post-Soviet reform of the remuneration system in general education. In the empirical part of the report, norm-forming factors and the effects of fixing ineffective sustainable norms in post-Soviet remuneration models are determined, the ideas study’s results of the educational institutions' teachers and heads about the manifestations of institutional traps in the remuneration system in general education are presented, and ways out of the manifested trap are proposed.
The novelty of this study is to increase scientific knowledge about the definition of "institutional trap" in the context of the remuneration’s institution and to consider post-Soviet teachers’ wage models in general education through the prism of this phenomenon.
Supplier relationship management (SRM) is one of the ways to increase the profitability of the company. The meaning of the SRM concept as well as the existing methods of its application in the business practice is determined in the first part of the article. The second part of the work is devoted to the proposed integrated approach of SRM application in order to improve the logistics service of suppliers provided to their customers – manufacturing companies.