Предикторы выбора стратегии в межкультурном конфликте
The article presents discourse analysis of media texts concerning the intercultural (diplomatic) conflict on both macro- and micro- levels. The research shows that in conflict situations official spokesmen prefer to use inductive reasoning in argumentation while journalists orient towards deductive and emotional reasoning. Discourse micro-analysis reveals that the sources of intercultural conflict are historical perspectives of two parties, legal system differences, and involvement of law enforcement agents in conflict resolution.
Analytical review of foreign psychological research on the international conflict styles is presented in this article. Intercultural conflict is understood as an interpersonal conflict between representatives of different cultures. The main models describing the intercultural conflict styles are analyzed: the dual concern model, the intercultural conflict styles inventory model, the face negotiation model. The publication provides a brief review of modern studies’ results of behavior predictors in the intercultural conflict; special attention is paid to the analysis of the influence of culture and intercultural communication apprehension on the choice of conflict styles. The importance of assessing the conflict styles effectiveness used in the situation of intercultural interaction is noted. In conclusion, unresolved problems and actual trends in the study of behavior in the intercultural conflict are designated.
In this chapter individual values are considered as person-based predictors of acculturation attitudes. This approach revealed a motivation that underlain a choice of different strategies of intercultural interactions among ethnic minority’ members. Representatives of two generations of Russian ethnic minority in Lithuania participated in the study. Older generation was represented by respondents who were born in the Soviet period. Younger generation was represented by respondents who were born after the collapse of the USSR. The sample consisted of 336 respondents aged from 15 to 84 years: 122 males and 214 females. The hypotheses were tested using structural equation modeling. The key findings of the study were as follows: positive relationship was found between Openness to Change values and integration; negative relationship was found between Self-Enhancement values and assimilation. These results were common among both generations of Russians in the context of Lithuania.
This work analyzes the di?erences in the social competitiveness between young people and the productive adult population of certain regions. Social competitiveness is considered to be an integral phenomenon, expressing the ability of social actors to more efficiently achieve their goals in society when compared to others. Discussed are the main approaches towards studying social competitiveness. The study is based on the results of a survey carried out in February 2016 (n = 1000) using such a method as the formalized interview at the place of residence, conducted in 28 settlements of the Krasnoyarsk Territory. Levels of social competitiveness are analyzed via a composite “competitiveness index” (IC), which includes two types of indicators. The first expresses an individual’s objective social position (level of education, material and social status, level of managerial authority). The second includes subjective characteristics: life satisfaction, a degree of confidence in the future, evaluating the degree of positive/negative changes in the life of one’s family compared to the previous year. The certain tendency is revealed: the social competitiveness of young people (in accordance with the IС) may be higher than that of adult respondents. Socio-cultural factors of youth’s social competitiveness are also analyzed: value orientations (according to Sh. Schwartz), life resources, and emotional states. The tendency is shown, that social competitiveness is generally higher among those respondents who gravitate more towards positive emotional states. The competitiveness of youth, in comparison to adults, has more rational foundations, is based on a narrow range of value orientations and life resources. The conclusion is formulated on the importance of further research on the social competitiveness of young people using a wider range of indicators and a representative empirical base.