On the basis of the results of sociological surveys of parents enrolled in programs of additional education provided detailed characteristics of leisure activities of children and retrospective data on children's leisure parents them-selves. The text sets out the structure of free time students, the content of leisure studies, examined the use of infrastructure facilities, organizing children's leisure class.
Parental choice of primary school is analyzed using the example of local education systems in two districts of Saint Petersburg. The empirical basis of the research is provided by the results of a survey of parents conducted in 34 schools (1,055 respondents). The following data is described and compared successively: whether parents make educational choices at all, whether they consider alternative options, what school characteristics they believe to be important, what sources of information they use, and what actions they take. The study explores how characteristics of choice are related to parental education and socioeconomic status as well as to the fact of selecting a school of a specific status. Insight is provided not only into how the desire of parents to analyze all possible school options and sources of information correlates with their educational and socioeconomic backgrounds in general but also how parental choice is affected by neighborhood structural characteristics (school diversity, proportion of higher-status schools). Districts with broader structural opportunities and a larger middle class demographic feature a variety of choice strategies, which is not observed in districts with limited structural opportunities even if they are socioeconomically heterogeneous.
The article briefly states the sociology’s of knowledge point of view at the phenomenon of socialization as at the development of basic and specialized reserves of knowledge accumulated in the society, mastering of ways of interpretation of the reality and typical roles. Features of the primary and secondary socialization, as well as ways of participation in socialization of media cultural discourses, and the problem of their mismatch are examined in the article.