Монахиня Абуцу и поэтический дом Микохидари. Предисловие к дорожным записям монахини Абуцу. Перевод и комментарии А. С. Оськиной
The article is devoted to the diaries of the nun Abutsu “Utataneno Ki” and “Izayoi Nikki”. Abutsu began her career, like most young women of her circle, as a court lady in the service of Princess Ankamonin. As fate would have it at the age of thirty Abutsu met Fujiwara no Tameie, a descendant of the great dynasty of poets. Abutsu influenced the life of the Mikohidari poetic house, apparently playing her part in splitting the family into three branches. Abutsu had to fight for the right of her children to inherit not only the rich estate of Hosokawa, but also for the transfer to them of the entire library, what opened up tremendous career opportunities for the court poet. Being practically the only sources of the biography of Abutsu, diaries provide valuable information about the young and old years of the writer. However, we are dealing with a fiction that is at the same time very personal for the author. So, “Utatane” is a diary of yet a very young Abutsu, who was fascinated by “Genji-monogatari” being clearly under its influence. While “Izayoi nikki” is completely different, there is an obvious political and personal background that Abutsu kept in mind when writing a diary. Abutsu is positioning herself as a strong personality: a devoted wife, mourning her husband, an outcasted mother, ready to go on a difficult journey and, finally, a talented poet who can convey sacred knowledge about poetry to her descendants.
This article is about books popular for women’s reading in American colonies during XVII –XVIII centuries. The predominance of religious and conduct literature in the XVII century gave way to the philosophical, scientific and entertainment works in the XVIII century.
The article is devoted to a monument of Japanese Medieval literature “Izayoi nikki” written by Nun Abutsu (1221?–1283). This work most likely was gathered and compiled after Abutsu’s death in 1283. Despite the genre designation nikki (日記, “daily recording”, “diary”) Abutsu’s work differs from another traditional diaries by its contents, style, and composition.
“Izayoi nikki” – “The Diary of the Waning Moon” or “The Journal of the Sixteenth-Night Moon" – is not only interesting but also a very important work for the Medieval Japanese literature. First, it is popular among the Japanese, since today this diary is one of the most read works of the Kamakura period. Second, the research of “Izayoi nikki” in context of the diary literature, demonstrates development of a genre nikki. Moreover, the diary consists of about 90 poems, which are the great example of women’s poetry tradition at this time. Finally, the personality of the author herself is very appealing to research deeply. Abutsu was married a famous poet Fujiwara-no Tameie and, more likely, played a key role in dividing the Fujiwara house into three poetic schools (Nijo, Kyogoku and Reizei).
As the last famous work by a woman, as the best known diary or travel account in Japanese written between the twelfth and sixteenth centuries, and as one of the five or six mostly read works of the Kamakura period, the “Izayoi nikki” has an important place in Japanese literature. “Izayoi nikki” gives valuable materials about culture and language of that time and definitely should be interesting for researches devoted to development of diary tradition in Japanese literature.
The works of the 5th vonference of youn japanologists (Moscow, 2013). The articles are dedicated to the variety of themes on Japan: history, economics, intellectual history, international relations.