Экологическая философия Я. фон Икскюля и его последователей как методология медицинского исследования
A new stage in the development of alternative medicine, which has taken place since the health care system reforms of the 1990s and has not yet received sufficient understanding of the social scientists. The article attempts to explore this issue from the perspective of the sociology of professions. In the conceptual framework of the classical triangle «state – profession – market» the main trends of development of homeopathy as a profession are considered, and strategies of professionalization are outlined: «social closure», what used primarily by the proponents of classical school, and the «integration» shared by representatives of the clinical trend.
Novel biotechnologies drastically enhance human capacities. However, initial optimism concerning new methods of therapy and body modification gradually gives way to fears that technologies can easily get out of hand and alter human nature in an undesirable way. Philosophers approach bioethical discussion from various assumptions and perspectives: while some of them believe that new technologies enhance and better human beings, others are concerned those technological innovations can be perilous. This paper overviews the discussion between utilitarians and bioconservatives on the extent to which human enhancement technologies should be permitted. I suggest an alternative communitarian approach to consider human beings primarily as members of political communities and recognition-seekers. I take the debate on doping legalization in sports to demonstrate how communitarianism doesn’t reject new technologies and still argues for making them work for preservation and flourishing of human communities. All major decisions on regulating biotechnologies should be made by communities themselves in a democratic way and drawing on bioethical expertise.
The report is devoted to research and development of new ECG processing methods, based on Multicase Correlation Analysis approach, in particular, the development of new PVC (premature venricular complexes) detection method.