THE SOUTH CHINA SEA ISSUE IN THE EMERGING INDO-PACIFIC REGION
The South China Sea issue still lives up to its reputation a hot topic in the Asia-Pacific international politics. The Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) decision of 2016 coupled with the pending reduction of the U.S. interests to Southeast Asia under the Trump administration amply suggests that in the transformation of the South China Sea problem, not only its internal features, but its external milieu looms all the larger. Among the factors that shape this milieu, the emerging Indo-Pacific region is raising in significance.
Russia’s policy towards Northeast Asia cannot be understood independently of its general Asian strategy, primarily its pivot to Asia, which has practically become an official policy after 2014. We are witnessing two contradictory tendencies in Washington and Seoul. The Trump administration seeks to assume a tougher stance on North Korea. At the same time, South Korea’s new government is likely to be more moderate towards Pyongyang. At the same time Russian experts expressed considerable hope.
A rapprochement between Russia and China is clearly taking place today. Yet as cooperation between Moscow and Beijing has increased in recent years, significant differences have emerged between how Russian and Chinese pundits view the relationship and its prospects, on the one hand, and how observers outside the two countries perceive it, on the other. Current U.S. policy takes the contradictory approach of exerting pressure on both countries, surrounding them with military bases, and bolstering inimical military alliances with their neighbors, while at the same time trying to reach separate agreements with each country on specific issues. Such new principles of world order would also serve to restrain emerging powers such as Russia and China that increasingly act at their own discretion in the absence of such rules. However, that would require the United States and its allies to relinquish the monopoly on interpreting international law to which they have become accustomed since the collapse of the Soviet Union. Although Western elites will find this prospect extremely objectionable, the West must inevitably relinquish that dominant role because its influence in world politics is clearly decreasing, while that of other players is growing.
A collection of papers of the international conference “Security and Cooperation in the South China Sea” incorporates the presentations of its participants – the most prominent and authoritative world-class specialists from the United States, Japan, India, Australia, the European Union and Russia who have long been studying the problems of this region. They examine the situation in Southeast Asia and the South China Sea from variousstandpoints, analyse the history of the conflict, its juridical and political aspects, and the involvement of great powers therein. The common element that unites the texts offered to the reader is the authors’ desire to find the mostoptimal ways to resolve the dangerous standoff, to make available for the governments of the countries of the region a sort of a “roadmap” to a world of stability and cooperation.
The geographic constructs and the geo-political imaginations have dictated the formation of informal dialogue mechanisms and multilateral structures. During Cold War, the power bloc politics have subsumed these geographical difinitions and have transcended national sovereighn boundaries. In the contemporary discourse, new formulations like Asia-Pacific, East Asia and Indian Ocean have diefined new politico-security thinking. The concept of Indo-Pacific is an over-arching geopolitical imagination which addresses new challenges in political, economic and maritime domains. This book addresses this new concept and debates its viability.
This chapter is devoted to ASEAN’s Leading Role in East Asian Multilateral Dialogue on Security Matters of Asia-Pacific region.
The book is dedicated to the 100th anniversary of Russian parliamentarism. The analysis of historical experience and actual problems of development of parliamentarism in Russia, Germany and a number of other European countries is presented. The authors are leading Russian and foreign experts from a number of research centers in Russia and Europe. Materials on the analysis of the development of parliamentarism in Germany and other European countries are based on the results of the European project "Parliamentary representation in Europe: recruiting and the career of legislators in 1848-2005", implemented during the last decade.
The book is addressed to a wide range of readers - scientists, politicians, public servants, teachers and students, everyone who is interested in the history and modern experience of Russian and European parliamentarism.