Время хаоса или время строительства?: организация российской медицины в начале XIX века
If we imagine that a society in its development moves towards a pre-selected point or a predictable visualization, then any part of the path that lies behind will be deemed incomplete and merely preparatory. What if this stretch is far from straight? Then the zigzagging path will seem deflected from the desired goal by concessions, reactionary advances, weak will or bad planning. Both personal wishes and historical evidence may push a historian of Alexandrine Russia to accept such logic of historical narrative and take the path of judgmental reasoning. The ideologues of Nicholas I’s reign – that is to say, everyone who set up its tasks and interests in the social sphere – indicated a breakaway from the previous practice of public administration.
History of classical philology and the reception of Greek and Roman antiquity in Moldova (Moldavia, Bessarabia).
The article deals with various historical narratives which can be used as a framework for the Russian-Polish relations during the long XIX century in contemporary historiography, first of all the Russian one. A special attention is paid to the Polish factor in the context of systematic elaboration of the history of Russian empire as well as the identities of the Russian-Polish frontier.
This book offers an innovative engagement with the diverse histories of colonial and indigenous medicines. Engagement with different kinds of colonialism and varied indigenous socio-political cultures has led to a wide range of approaches and increasingly distinct traditions of historical writing about colonial and indigenous modes of healing have emerged in the various regions formerly ruled by different colonial powers. The volume offers a much-needed opportunity to explore new conceptual perspectives and encourages critical reflection on how scholars' research specialisms have influenced their approaches to the history of medicine and healing. The book includes contributions on different geographical regions in Asia, Africa and the Americas and within the varied contexts of Chinese, Spanish, Portuguese, German, Dutch and British colonialisms. It deals with issues such as internal colonialism, the plural history of objects, transregional circulation and entanglement, and the historicisation of medical historiography. The chapters in the volume explore the scope for conceptual interaction between authors from diverse disciplines and different regions, highlighting the synergies and thematic commonalities as well as differences and divergences.
Der Band schließt an die aktuelle Imperiumsforschung an und widmet sich dem neuzeitlichen Russland bis in die Gegenwart. Aus kulturwissenschaftlicher Perspektive werden an prägnanten Beispielen Integrationsstrategien untersucht, die die Macht des russischen Imperiums an dessen labilen Peripherien und auf internationaler Ebene sichern sollten. Im Fokus der Studien stehen dabei Symbolpolitiken, Kommunikations- und Erinnerungskulturen. Gleichzeitig wird gezeigt, inwiefern die russische/sowjetische Machtpolitik an ihre Grenzen stieß und welche Formen von Widerständigkeit sich herausbildeten.
The Revolution of 1905 forced the Russian autocracy to accept the convocation of the State Duma. After the Revolution's defeat, the Duma belonged to a new political system in which the Tsar conserved a very great power. The promulgation of the Law of March 8th 1906 imposed a significant restriction on the budgetary prerogatives of the Duma and allowed the Administration to maintain a real control over the financial field. In the facts, the political confrontation between tsarist power and liberal members of the Parliament did not make possible to engage the needed thorough reform of the structures and management practices of the Russian finances. This paper aims to clarify the stakes and reality of the changes as a result of the Revolution of 1905 and the formation of parliamentarism in the public finances development of the imperial Russia.