Профессия - историк
The focus of this article is on a specific aspect of the recent state of historical research in Russia: the problem of universalization (cognitive and institutional) of Russian historical studies and recognition of the Russian scholars’ knowledge claims. Cognitive aspects of the “restructuring” of science, research themes, the state of the disciplinary community and communicative strategies, position of historians in the humanities establishment and relationships with the authorities are studied based on the concepts of centre-periphery and cultural transfer.
This paper is aimed to identify theoretical problems, which arise when studying the preconditions of and obstacles to the participation of the Russian historians in international scientific discussion. The key question is why, how and when the new historical knowledge developed by the Russian scholars became-or, as an extreme case, have not become-part of global scientific heritage. Discussion of ‘presence’ in the global science is connected not so much with the aftermath of autarchy during the socialist period as with the difficulties of adapting to new conditions of existence as a ‘normal’ discipline and the rigors of being a ’poor‘ science. In this article we review not only specifics of the transfer of knowledge produced by Russian historians, but also specifics of reception preceding it.
The article offers some observations concerning the current state of the “new history of medicine”, a field of research focused on the role of medicine, its ideas, ideologies and practices in culture and society. The author concentrates on methodological trends of this field, its research agenda, and the challenges it faces at the moment. In spite of the pessimistic opinions of some commentators on the perspectives of its further development, the author concludes that the new medical history in its present state does not show any signs of crisis. Quite the contrary, it is developing fast and steady, reacting to challenges and incorporating new approaches.