Russian Business Tendency Surveys by HSE and Rosstat
The chapter describes information content, methodological features and national practices of business tendency surveys (BTS) in Russia. These surveys are conducted jointly by the National Research University Higher School of Economics (HSE) and the Russian Federation State Statistic Services (Rosstat), and provide qualitative data on sectoral trends and short-term fluctuations over the last two decades.
The Russian BTS system covers a wide range of regions, sectors and economic activities that makes possible sectoral benchmarking. The BTS results have statistically significant compatibility with quantitative statistics and comply with international standards. These properties allow integration of the survey results in both national and international information infrastructures. Composite indicators of business confidence, business climate and economic sentiment provide early warning of changes in sectoral and overall economic activities in Russia.