Концептуальные особенности моделирования свойств устойчивости транспортной системы Российской Федерации
Currently, the comfort of the old city as a living environment is determined by the following main factors: accessibility; the availability of all the necessary services; the presence of a sufficient number of public spaces. Among these factors, I would especially like to mention the transport accessibility, since time is a key value to the inhabitants of the modern city and cities' competitiveness depends directly on the level of development of the transport infrastructure and transport system.
The development of transport infrastructure is an important factor in the economic growth of the territory. The ability to predict the transport demand and traffic on the road network is vital for development of regional and urban transport system. Agent based modelling has emerged as a practice tool of traffic and transport planning in region and urban area. The purpose of the research is to assess the possibility of using agent based models for transport planning in Russian regions and cities.
In order to reach the set, it was studied the theoretical basis of the scientific method. The main trends in the development of the transport system in the cities and regions of Russia were assessed. It was made an assessment of the impact of the road transport infrastructure development on the economic growth of Russian regions. It is shown that when analyzing Russian regions, it is necessary to take into account the level of development of not only the automotive infrastructure, but also other types of transport. The role of transport infrastructure for economic growth was shown. The characteristics of different types of agent based models used to solve problems of the regional and urban transport system were given and it was done the corresponding conclusions.
The results of our research will allow revealing the basic tendencies of development of transport system as a basis of economic growth in regions, to determine the possibility of using agent based models in solving such problems. In conclusion, we offer some practical recommendations for improving regional transport system and provide economic policies to ensure economic growth.
The role of Northern Sea Way (NSW) for national economy and Russia development is shown. Importance of integration NSWin logistical system of the Russian Federation and world economic space is proved. Problems of development NSWin a cut of increase in transit of a strategic source of raw materials (in particular oil and gas) are opened. Necessity of connection to NSW railway and automobile highways, river ways of Siberia and necessity of coordination of its work with activity of air transport is shown.
The topicality of the paper is defined by the world trends of economic development accompanied by the growth of urban population and the formation of agglomerations. Moscow agglomeration has a leading development potential among others.
Uncoordinated and unbalanced policies of various government agencies and monopolies as well as business structures can lead to irrational expenditure of investments and negatively affect the public interests: environment, level of prices for consumer goods and services, level of service, imbalance of labor market, aggravation of problems related to the labor migration. In long-run perspective it may lead to a slowdown or even a reduction in the gross regional product.
The article considers main stages of urbanization, models of urban environment development (functional distribution of infrastructure), spatial development of agglomerations (mono- and polycentric agglomerations), and main risks associated with the development of Moscow agglomeration according to the adopted model.
The work focuses on the necessity to clarify the boundaries of the Moscow agglomeration when the interests of nearby territorial entities are under consideration and projects of logistics and manufacturing infrastructure development are planned.
Based on the program and reports it was evaluated the effectiveness of remedies to develop Moscow agglomeration implemented by state and municipal authorities. As well, it was analyzed the potential impact of remedies on the interests of industries and social spheres that are related to the implementation of these projects.
In particular, it is shown the data on the level of development and geographical distribution of regional warehouse infrastructure, the provision of freight rail infrastructure, the problem with staffing issues in the logistics sector and the migration situation in the Moscow region.
The conducted research confirms the necessity to elaborate transport and logistics system in Moscow agglomeration taking into account all risks associated with side-effects of the program.
There are some key conclusions are received in the article among which: 1) it is required to coordinate programs on the level of the whole agglomeration and industries whose performance indicators reflect the decisions made; 2) the transport and the logistics system of Moscow agglomeration should be developed taking into account all risks associated with the side-effects of the program; 3) the second proposition can be realized via the creation of a center responsible for the development of various agglomerations; 4) the center mentioned in the point three should include not only state and municipal authorities, but also science and business in order to coordinate programs at different levels, provide methodical support and collect data which will be used to monitor and evaluate the effectiveness of projects.
The article discusses the features of "transport association" of Berlin and the transformation of the urban public transport network.