Основные этапы развития "новой критики" в Великобритании и США
Formation of New Criticism in Great Britain and the USA - from critical essays of A.A. Richards, E. Pound, T.S. Eliot in 1920s to the key works of „neocritics‟ of the American South: J.C. Ransom, C. Brooks, A. Tate, R.P. Warren are considered in the paper. An attempt to estimate the place of New Criticism in the literary theory of the XX century has been made. Having conducted the research the author comes to the conclusion that New Criticism was a bridge between traditional and postmodernist approaches to literary analysis, a preliminary stage and a part of poststructuralism and deconstruction.
Due to the lack of multilingual and multimedia extremist collections and advanced analytical methodologies, our empirical understanding of the Internet or dark web is still very limited. Content mining and intelligence inside the Internet becomes more and more a challenge to different bodies from security, financial organizations (e.g. financial intelligence units “FIU”) and law enforcement agencies. Tracking of large digital information from various sources like public Internet, dark web, long tail web or blogs and other social networks creates new challenges to the research community. A first test is to create intelligent crawlers that can identify any link in the web and extract the digital footprint from the web page. Some of the key challenge that we face are in the area of automatic multilingual text analysis, the harmonization of extracted knowledge and the unique identity resolution. Taxonomies and thesauruses do not offer a complete solution for the automatic discovery of hidden relations or newly defined expressions for named entities. In order to understand shadow groups we need to apply advanced technologies from artificial intelligence and computation linguistics. In this paper we will share our experience which we developed from various projects in Europe, Russia and Central Asia. We will discuss how an ontology-driven information extraction approach from large multilingual document collections can help to create an understanding and therefore valuable knowledge. We will further demonstrate how to solve the merging of various ontologies used for different domains and languages using the concept of upper ontology and conclude the discussion by sharing insights on how to create rules for automatic identity resolution for specific named entities.
This article presents the analysis of blogs — a new text type in the Internet. The texts are discussed from the perspective of text linguistics. Nowadays, Internet texts gain increasing popularity with the users; however, traditional methods of text linguistics are not capable of revealing the many-sided nature and uniqueness of the given types of texts. Therefore, introduction of new criteria of the analysis and estimation are essential for the fundamental analysis of the new phenomena in text linguistics.
The American South discourse in Stark Young's «So Red the Rose» (1934) is analyzed in the article in the context of Southern literary tradition. The goal of the scholarly research is to define S. Young's status in the American literature, explore the ties of his creative work with «plantation tradition» and Southern novels of 1930s. « As a result of the comparative analysis features typical for «So Red the Rose» as well as for other Civil war novels: M. Mitchell's «Gone with the Wind», C. Gordon's «None Shall Look back», A. Tate's A. «The Fathers» etc., - have been revealed. The novel's poetics, system of characters, and the author's approach to interpreting Civil War events (1861 - 1865) are under consideration. S. Young is defined as the «second rank» writer in the US literature, but an exemplary representative of the Southern American tradition
A Casebook aims at enhancing language and communicative competences of master students of law through teaching legal textology in English at research workshops as the primary training form. A major aim consists in integrating linguistics, specifically text linguistics, and law. A new teaching methodology employed draws largely on comparative and text linguistics, comparative law, as well as intercultural communication. The selected case-studies address the less elaborated law fields: indirect discrimination at workplace, I-space regulation and IT-fraud as part of cybercrime against the on-going IT advancement. These topics as vaguely defined legal areas with few statutory remedies and insufficient enforcement background are viewed in couple with sociocultural, economic and philosophical factors. A Casebook is designed for LLM students but may draw interest of much wider range of MA students in humanities, as well as their tutors.
Online petitions are usually regarded as one of the most popular channels to involve citizens in the political process. In our paper we have analyzed texts and voting data (pro and against) from 9705 e-petitions submitted from 2013 until 2017 at Russian Public Initiative project. Analysis of dynamics showed stabilization of interest to this resource (emergence of a new authors, growth of “strong” petitions etc.). Studying success factors of electronic petitions at the Russian public initiative project we found out that the topic and lexical information are significant factors, as well as the level of petitions.
A method for conceptual maps construction is presented and applied to three different domains. A conceptual map is graph, where nodes stand for domain specific concepts and edges connect associated concepts. The conceptual map reveals and visualizes the logical asso- ciations between concepts, which exist in the collection of texts, used to construct the conceptual map. Preliminary work on conceptual map analysis is suggested.