Criminal liability for terrorist act and act of international terrorism
The author analizes typologies of the financing of terrorism and practice of combating the financing of terrorism, identifies main problems and proposes possible solutions.
The article is devoted to the analysis of theoretical foundations of Islamic extremism and terrorism as well as positions and approaches of modern Islamic legal and political thought towads this phenomenon. The author concludes that this thought can play a positive and effective role in combatting international extremism abd terrorism
The article touches approach of the modern Islamic legal thought to the Islamic state and caliphate. The author explains the fundamental principles if Islamic concept of the power (caliphate) and points out that this concept was gradually deviating from real political practice. The caliphate itself remained as a political institution till the collapse of the Ottoman Empire after the World War I. After emergence of Islamic State of Iraq and Levant (ISIL) the caliphate converted to concrete political project. In June 2014 ISIL which changed its name to become “Islamic State” (IS) declared creation of caliphate. In practice the Shariat implementation in IS comes to mass killings, forcing nonmuslims to adopt Islam, interference into internal life of Muslim states and terror attacks. The modern Islamic legal thought criticizes IS severely stressing on its violence of religious postulates and Shariat provisions.
The article presents an analysis of modern terrorism, including terrorist financing, the basic directions of the international cooperation in the fight against terrorism, makes a number of suggestions for improvement.
The article is devoted to the definition of legal nature of the FATF Forty Recommendations on anti-money laundering and Nine Special Recommendations on Terrorist Financing. The first part of the article observes the creation and development of the FATF Forty Recommendations and Nine Special Recommendations on Terrorist Financing. Next, the article considers the question of determining the legal status of the recommendations of the FATF.