Анализ влияния проекта внедрения ERP-системы на достижение бизнес-целей компании
Business Case is a part of the specialised Master Program and aimed to developing the key competencies of the discipline "Enterprise Information System".
Business Case describes process of the development Technical Reqirement for the developing and implementation ERP-system for the biggest wholesale/retail company.
One should be perceiving an information system (IS) implementation project as a major [techno]organizational transformation requiring appropriate organizational transformation management techniques. However today a larger portion of IT-project managers continue to follow IS-deterministic approach mainly concentrating on delivering IS functionality and satisfying projects constraints. As a result the importance of activities aimed at business benefits attainment is underestimated. In this article authors analyze peculiarities of IT-investment business-benefits realization, formulate the principles of IT-value extraction and argue the conceptual model for benefits management at information systems implementation projects.
The problems of the ERP system development for the high technology facilities are considered. There are analyzed the stages of the ERP system creation for the enterprise to make designing and producing the laser devices.
The paper considers the basic statement of the analytic hierarchy process (AHP), that the priorities of decision variants on individual criteria are compared on the ratio scales that are not linked to each other and are also independent of the priorities of criteria. According to the mathematical theory of measurement this approach is incorrect. To demonstrate its potential consequences a simple example in which the use of the AHP procedure leads to a clearly erroneous result is provided.
In authors' previous paper published in 2011 in «Control Sciences» journal one example of a bi-criterion decision analysis problem demonstrating that the use of Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) may lead to a clearly erroneous result is given. However, the author of another paper published in 2012 in the same journal suggested that he found an error in our use of AHP and, consequently, our criticism of AHP is unsubstantiated. In this new paper the authors show that there was no mistake in the use of AHP in their original counter-example, and provide two further counter-examples that support their original conclusion.