Правовая система империи Юань
The article deals with the main forms and directions of interaction between modern Russian legislation and some institutions and provisions of islamic Shariat. The author analysis attempts of referring to Shariat in modern Russia in different forms including implementation of above mentioned norm and institutions in Russian legislation. He underlines the possibility of guite wide referring to Shariat provisions as far as the problems covered by dispositive norms of the legislation in force are concerned.
There are a lot of changes in all spheres of life in China, including art, in the end of 1970. This leads to appearance of new directions in art, also brings the fundamental changes in principles of art of China. Wang Guangyi is considered to be the founder of the Political Pop art. Political Pop art is one of the leading directions in contemporary Chinese art in the beginning of the 90th. This article is devoted to the oeuvre of Wang Guangyi and the process of appearance of Political Pop art, its prerequisites, conceptions and stylistic characteristics.
Legal system is a concept embodying the multifacetedness of law, i.e. its internal architecture (elements of law which are complex systems per se), correlations within the system, interaction of law with other parts of socium. Legal system has been the subject matter both of law and sociology of law. Each of the sciences has developed its own approaches to this phenomenon, which do not tend to cross. Each science makes its own path not addressing the achievements of the interdisciplinary discipline. Sociology of law doctrines are considered by the author as the instruments to widen the cognitive borders of the traditional for lawyers positivist approach to law, to discover topical research perspectives. On the basis of the views of T Parsons, D. Black, N. Luhmann, P. Bourdieu, the article develops the methodology of the social approach to legal system, reveals its advantages and disadvantages. Sociologists are used to shifting a significant role in functioning legal system to legal professionals. They focus on the contradictions in the relations between legal framework (legal system, normative system etc.) and politics. The views of sociologists are extrapolated to the current reality of Russian legal system. Its majour issue is seen in the imbalance between law and politics as the ruling elite imposes a beneficial for it structure of legal system on society, intervenes in legal communication including judicial enforcement of courts and law enforcement agencies. The majour attention of lawyers should be drawn to ensuring their relative independence, widening the autonomy of legal framework and legal communications, and building up their authority when adopting paramount legal acts. This is the only way to create a prerequisite to tackle the problems which the legal system of Russian society is facing. The article covers the current empirical legal approaches suggested by sociologists as well as the causes for such research, results, perspectives and possibilities to engage jurists in such studies.
The article deals with the concept of intercultural communication as the transfer of information, cooperation and management of business projects, taking into account partners' national peculiarities and mentality. indicators created by G. Hofstede and F. Trompenaars, who made a great contribution to the study of cross-cultural communication, are considered based on the example of the basic principles of intercultural communication in cooperation with Chinese representatives. The conclusion based on the results of the work is that one needs to follow a number of basic principles set out in the article, targeting the fruitful cooperation with Chinese partners.
In the coming decades in the process of globalization the position of the USA and Europe will weaken, while the role of developing countries will increase. The role of the two largest emerging economies – China and India – will be of special significance. What future will these fast-growing giants face? The demographers agree that pretty soon India will lead the world in population and thus surpass China, while China will encounter serious ageing population problems. But economic and political scenarios of the future are quite different: from resounding success and world leadership to collapse caused by demographic and socio-political troubles. Which of them is more feasible? In the present article I analyze the Chinese and Indian development models separately and comparatively and make a forecast of their perspectives in the twenty-first century. Such an analysis could be helpful for understanding Russia's ways of development.
China's economic success is largely determined by very low population dependency ratio. This situation was a result of the demographic policy in the PRC. However, another consequence of the same policy becomes imminent rapid aging of China's population. It is very likely that by the early 2030s the country after half a century of unprecedented success will enter a period of coping.