The text describes the evolution of sociological understanding of academic disciplines, since the 1960s (including their pre-history in 1930-1940) to the present time. In the early stages disciplines were considered as a social mechanism formed by groups and communities in particular social, cultural and political conditions. In the 1970s, there was a significant turn in the study of disciplinarity: researchers were attempting to go beyond the understanding of sociology of science as sociology of academic communities and logics of their organization. In the 1980s and early 1990s the essentialist understanding of disciplines, which was widely spread within the sociology, was questioned. In the 2000s, the revision of the research priorities has been continued. The revision manifests itself in the refusal of essentialist interpretations of disciplinarity, attention to social and practical conditions of its sustainability, understanding of disciplinarity both produced by macrocontext (new centers of academic influence) and microcontext and situations (the actions of the specific communities and their members in the new centers of production and knowledge assessment).
My talk examines the history of the institutionalization of the new Sociology of Scientific Knowledge as well the process of its Research Program formation in the context of the external factors and academic systems transformation. Analysis of the Social History of Sociology of Science at 1970-80s shows this discipline "reboot" and the 57 door opened for new people with new ideas which caused the transformation of external intellectual climate (Zeitgeist) into a new methodology of studying of manufacture of Scientific Knowledge.