Транспортировка в цепях поставок
Reviewed the accounting source documents in provision of businesses with the necessary resources, the process of receiving products from a supplier with a focus on generated documents and the formulation of recommendations to clarify the process of acceptance in the transition to electronic document flow with contractors.
The search and design of links between the company’s performance indices and results of logistics activity nowadays is a relevant tool for increasing competitiveness of Russian companies. Situations when influence of certain logistics costs groups on financial performance indices is underestimated occur considerably often. These cases imply a huge amount of financial resources involved. Thus, the attempt of designing analytical models to assess the correlation between logistics and business performance indices is a relevant issue requiring further investigation and improvement. The article gives analysis of Russian and foreign literature sources devoted to the topic studied; identifies main trends and determines a possible way for further investigations. The article has analytical models to assess the influence of different logistics costs groups on ROI (return on investment) index; numerical example is provided.
The present paper is devoted to a study of the legal regulation of the relations in the gas industry of China and Brazil. In the first instance the author represents the overall survey of the state of the gas industry in these countries and perspectives of its development. The research is accented on the legal sources of regulation in that domain and the role of the international law. In the article the detailed analysis is made on legal regulation of activities of exploration, production of natural gas, on its transportation, distribution, commercialization, import-export activity in Brazil and in China. In conclusion the author resumes the results of the comparative legal analysis, estimating the models of regulation, pointing out their weaknesses and possible treatment for its correction.
The analysis of scientific works devoted to the formation of Key Performance Indicators (KPI) of transport services shows that the long-term path includes the consolidation of a number of basic (key) indicators, the definition of auxiliary indicators, as well as the definition of the company's place among competitors. It is possible to form the appropriate set of models for the calculation of following basic indicators. Productivity (for example, hourly productivity); time parameters (transport time, time for paperwork, time for loading and unloading, etc.); transportation costs (cost of transportation, loading and unloading, storage costs, return flow, etc.); reliability (probability of failure, sustainability of the process and time parameters). We are proposing the original two-level structure of a transport company performance indicators and the model for calculating KPI for assessment of various transport types, that can be used as a basis for development of software contributing to digitalization of transport services.