Russian legal philosophy in the 20th century
The 20th century seems to be the most fruitful time for the philosophy of law in Russia, considering the contribution that Russian and Soviet legal thinkers have made to this discipline, and the role they have each played in the development of the international debate, despite the severe political impact that legal studies have suffered in Russia, not only in the Soviet period but also before the Revolution.
In this work Georges Gurvitch examines the principal philosophical ideas of Boris Chicherin and Vladimir Soloviev about law
Abstracts for report Anton Didikin at Lisbon Congress
The collection of papers presents an overview of the study of the analytic legal philosophy in Russia.
The overarching goal of this chapter is to examine the nature of the Russian psychological school of law from the perspective of the international realist movement. This will allow us to define its most common characteristics, its original ideas and general influence on the development of legal philosophy. Discussing the crisis of legal thought at the beginning of the 20th century, the author shows the impact of Russian legal philosophy on overcoming this impasse. Furthermore, the author emphasizes the role of the psychological approach in the formation of the realist paradigm and its influence on the development of critical theory in early Soviet law as well as its general influence on the legal sociology of the 20th century.
In this article the authors examine some theoretical problems connected with communication in law. The authors address not only the problems of legal communication as of a communication between legal actors, but also to the communication understood as an exchange of ideas about law. In this last sense legal communication is based on reflections about social conditions and processes. The conclusions made by the authors concern such aspects as the law of the global community, the laws of regional societies, and the correlation between legal and scientific communication. The main thesis developed and defended in this article means that certain patters of behavior which were institutionalized by law and which give reasons for both free and coerced actions are also capable of structuring law and of maintaining its validity. The theory of legal communication developed in the framework of the theory of norms and actions allows for a careful examination of all the normative and factual structures and processes through which law is created. The social mechanism of realization of these structures and processes can also be explained in this perspective. The authors explain these ideas taking as examples certain conceptions of such legal scholars as Rene Koenig or Rudolf von Ihering.
There is the editor's foreword (written by Bulat Nazmutdinov) to the letters of political theorist and jurist Nickolai Alexeyev (1879-1964) to economist and geographer Piotr Savitzky (1895-1968). These letters are published for the first time according to archival sources, which are located in Slavonic Library (Prague, Czech Republic). Letters cover the period of 1957-1961 and were sent from Switzerland to Czechoslovakia. They contain Alexeyev’s impressions on the Second World War and Post-War period, his views on academic future, the publication of his papers in “Novyi Zhurnal” (“New Journal”), history of the Eurasianist Movement, everyday life of Russian emigration. Several selected copies of extant letters of Savitzky to Alexeyev are attached.
The paper includes letters of political theorist and jurist Nickolai Alexeyev (1879-1964) to economist and geographer Piotr Savitzky (1895-1968). These letters are published for the first time according to archival sources, which are located in Slavonic Library (Prague, Czech Republic). Letters cover the period of 1957-1961 and were sent from Switzerland to Czechoslovakia. They contain Alexeyev’s impressions on the Second World War and Post-War period, his views on academic future, the publication of his papers in “Novyi Zhurnal” (“New Journal”), history of the Eurasianist Movement, everyday life of Russian emigration. Several selected copies of extant letters of Savitzky to Alexeyev are attached.
The book by the Canadian researcher Athanase Giocas is devoted to the intel lectual heritage of Vladimir S. Soloviev and the pertinence of this heritage for the contemporary philosophical discussions about the law. The review underscores the originality of Giocas’ approach to the philosophical ideas of Soloviev on the law and politics, and especially the examination of these ideas in the light of the traditions of the Orthodox patristic and iconography. This book is evaluated as to its relevance in the trove of the previous research works about Soloviev and his conceptions both in the Russian and Western scholarship. One of the important theses of this book is the examination of the theoretical foundations of the con ception of human rights in the context of the Christian dogma of human dignity. Giocas justifies these foundations in the aspect of the philosophical conception of GodHumanity elaborated by Soloviev. Another important inspiration of the re viewed book is the project of an interdisciplinary approach that would integrate religious, scientific and metaphysical perspectives of the legal reality. The author affirms the possibility of such an approach basing on the examples taken from our days and points out at the relevance of Soloviev’s critic against the abstract princi ples. As well, Giocas argues about the potential of Soloviev’s insights about an in tegral knowledge and about his conception of the allinclusiveness that reflects the integrality of human knowledge. As one of the remarkable qualities of the re viewed book can be mentioned the fact that this monograph is not simply one more commentary on Soloviev’s ideas.