Travel Demand Management in the Largest Cities
The largest Russian cities are starting to implement travel demand management instruments to reduce car use. Today the non-pricing instruments are more popular in Russian cities: low emission zones, car sharing, pedestrian areas, public transport development, bicycles infrastructure development, etc. Paid parking is the main pricing instrument of travel demand management in Russian cities. Apart from the general description of pricing methods of the transport demand management which are currently being introduced in Russian cities it is necessary to develop the understanding of the measures effectiveness. Thus the experience of the paid parking implementation (about 20 cities, including Moscow, St. Petersburg, and Yekaterinburg) requires the serious analytical approach. Both ofﬁcial reports on effectiveness by the government and independent surveys are of interest. Not only should the operational parameters be examined, but also the public opinion should be analyzed. Taking into consideration the deﬁcit of the information on the projects of paid parking implementation, the article would be interesting both for Russian and foreign specialists. The survey also deals with organizational, legal and institutional issues.
This conference proceeding includes selected full papers from the 11th EBES Conference – Ekaterinburg. We have accepted papers among resubmitted full papers after the conference ended. In this proceeding you will find a snapshot of topics that are presented in the conference. As expected, our conference has been an intellectual hub for academic discussion for our colleagues in the areas of economics, finance, and business. Participants found an excellent opportunity for presenting new research, exchanging information and discussing current issues. We believe that this conference proceeding and our future conferences will improve further the development of knowledge in our fields.
The paper presents the structural model of decision-making process on the residential mortgage market. We empirically estimates key drivers of mortgage borrowing, underwriting, and default process by jointly using market-level monthly data and loan-level data from regional branch of Agency of Home Mortgage Lending (AHML). The multistep estimation procedure allows correcting for sample selection bias and endogeneity and provides consistent parameter estimates. Obtained results shows that risk preferences are changing during the time and AHML borrowers are relatively high risky.
The tutorial describes the specific features of transport as an object of management, main characteristics of transport systems, principles of organisation and regulation of transport activities, main terms and definitions related to freight an cargo flows. Described are the basic calculation methods necessary to calculate the number of vehicles and their parameters.
This book brings together analyses of a wide range of economic and financial subjects, including any issue related to these broader concepts, such as development, banking crises, energy, and Islamic finance, among others. It offers a clear discussion of the current period of economic transition and the future prospects of developing countries in terms of financial and economic perspectives. It will serve to raise awareness of the important opportunities and risks inherent in the global financial system, and makes a valuable contribution to wider economic debates by identifying the priorities and policy prescriptions that will help countries to realise their potential. The book will particularly appeal to academicians and students, as well as, researchers and professionals in the fields of economics, finance, and business. It may also serve as a secondary textbook for courses about Eurasian countries in economics and finance departments of higher learning institutions.
The present paper is devoted to a study of the legal regulation of the relations in the gas industry of China and Brazil. In the first instance the author represents the overall survey of the state of the gas industry in these countries and perspectives of its development. The research is accented on the legal sources of regulation in that domain and the role of the international law. In the article the detailed analysis is made on legal regulation of activities of exploration, production of natural gas, on its transportation, distribution, commercialization, import-export activity in Brazil and in China. In conclusion the author resumes the results of the comparative legal analysis, estimating the models of regulation, pointing out their weaknesses and possible treatment for its correction.
This paper models household demand for childcare and mothers' labour force participation in Romania. The model estimates the effects of the price of childcare, mothers' wages, and household characteristics on household behaviour with respect to childcare and maternal employment. We find that both the maternal decision to become employed and the decision to use out-of-home care are sensitive to the price of childcare. A decrease in the price of care can increase the number of working mothers and thus can reduce poverty in some households. We also find that the potential market wage of the mother has a significant positive effect on the decision to purchase market care and on the decision to engage in paid employment. The level of household non-wage income has little effect on maternal employment and on the demand for childcare.