Соединенные Штаты Америки (раздел «Экономика»)
Using published estimates of inequality for two countries (Russia and USA) the paper demonstrates that inequality measuring still remains in the state of “statistical cacophony”. Under this condition, it seems at least untimely to pass categorical normative judgments and offer radical political advice for governments. Moreover, the mere practice to draw normative conclusions from quantitative data is ethically invalid since ordinary people (non-intellectuals) tend to evaluate wealth and incomes as admissible or inadmissible not on the basis of their size but basing on whether they were obtained under observance or violations of the rules of “fair play”. The paper concludes that a current large-scale ideological campaign of “struggle against inequality” has been unleashed by left-wing intellectuals in order to strengthen even more their discursive power over the public.
The author analysis he results of the first half of D. Trump's presidential term, including the domestic economic sphere, trade policy, foreign policy, as well as the specific style of the President in team building. Over the first two years, Trump has improved a number of economic indicators of the country, but positive trends are unlikely to be long. The author critically assesses Trump's attempts to establish a" new economic order "in the World with his slogan"America first". The protectionist policy of the new President led to a serious aggravation of trade and economic relations not only with China, but also with traditional Western partners of the US. The new head of the White house completely departed from policy principles pursued by his predecessors since the 1930s, which seriously affected relations with Europe, in relations with which he is trying to move to a bilateral basis. Referring to surveys in various countries, the author points out that the authority of US policy under D.Trump has decreased despite his statements to the contrary. As for the prospects of re-election of the current President, the chances of Trump are still small, because he was unable to expand the coalition supporting him.
The article analyzes the history of foreign loans of the Provisional government (1917), mainly in the United States.