«Понятие чрезвычайного положения и установления «нового порядка» в политической социологии Карла Шмитта»
The preface to the translation of "Politics" by C. Schmitt. Schmitt in 1933-36 aspired (though rather unsuccessfully) to become an ideological guru of the Nazi regime, that was only in the process of formation then. It allows to formulate the question about the guilt of the thinker, but doesn't prevent to find the theoretical contents in his works of this period. Criticism of parliamentary democracy and understanding the political as an opposition of enemies lead Schmitt to the concept of a tripartite political unity of people, state and movement. He sees the Nazi regime as a new kind of politics based not on struggle, but on mobilization of the people conducted by the Führer. This design turned out to be not only politically vicious, but also theoretically defective, however its studying is an instructive experience.
This is a contribution to the French-Russian Conference on Joseph de Maistre. Joseph de Maistre was a famous theorist and proponent of counter-revolution. He criticized the theory of the popular sovereignty of Rousseau and elaborated his own theory of the royal sovereignty. However, he was no advocate of the so-called decisionism, as Carl Schmitt depicted him in his writings on political theology.
This book deals with the problem of method in the early modern civil sciences – from the Hermann Conring “statistics” to the Giambattista Vico's “new science”, from the Tacitean political art to the Thomas Hobbes' mathesis politica. The study is focused upon the birth of the political science out of the failure of the humanist ethics and traditional Aristotelianism, and the attempts to overcome the “discursive anarchy” (V. Kahn) in the political theory. The authors of the book demonstrate the ways the central events in the early modern intellectual history – the birth of the scientific fact and the principle of objectivity, the penetration of the mathematical apparatus in the humanities – influenced the Barock political thought, and analyze the pivotal categories of the modern politics – state of exception, reason of State, manipulation – are put forward.