Исследование отдачи от образования в России
The manual includes the general orientation information on quantitative and qualitative methods, necessary for experts without basic administrative education. With basic education the manual will be useful for experts not only expansion and fixing of knowledge, but also the annex to actual problems of the organization and management. Its feature that it assumes updating, fixing and judgment of knowledge of the subjects studied earlier, on other forms and training steps. The manual will have practical value for the students who are training on master programs for the Management direction.
Low level of physical activity among working people is a common problem in many countries including Russia. Despite the increase in recent years in the share of people who are physically active, the level of physical inactivity of Russian workers is still significant, which reduces the effectiveness of resources aimed at improving the health of the Russian population. Studying the changes in the level of physical activity of the working Russian citizens and reviewing its most common types, the authors determine the factors encouraging physical activities and sports. The article identifies the distinguishing features of physical activity among Russian workers, the analysis of the determinants of physical activity, and factors putting obstacles in the way of sport participation. A comprehensive analysis of correlates of physical activity was conducted based on public opinion surveys commissioned by the HSE and carried out by Levada Analytical Center in 2011 and 2017 years. The sample includes employed respondents, both males and females (females aged 25 to 55 years and males aged 25 to 60 years).
The article discusses two groups of problems in Russian statistics that still have no viable solutions. The first one - the state of the statistics interface – is the set of channels through which users obtain statistical information. The second – metadata status – is the information on how the indicators are constructed. The problems are considered from the standpoint of consumers of statistical information, performing tasks of analyzing economic dynamics. It is concluded that with the transition from traditional printed materials to statistical information systems, interface development has come to a standstill, and in the development of metadata, there is no compliance with any standards, uniformity, and consistency. In the author's opinion, these problems seriously hinder the improvement of all Russian statistics, being a kind of blood clots. When an interface becomes a bottleneck, the value of statistics to users decreases. The unsatisfactory state of metadata leads to the fact that consumers of statistical information are not always able to use it adequately, and the problems of statistical methodology are conserved. The causes of the problems are determined, on the one hand, by the complex history of domestic statistics (extended period of development in a planned economy and the specifics of economic transformation), and, on the other hand, by the lack of effective feedback. The author considers possible approaches to addressing the problems. The expediency of creating groups of specialists in the structure of the statistical department on the main problem blocks, acting as points of growth and centers of competence, accumulating knowledge, mastering domestic and foreign experience, attracting representatives of the expert community, directing and controlling the activities to solve problems, is substantiated.
The monograph is devoted to peculiarities of application of statistical methodology in various kinds of applied research in Economics, demography and social sphere.