Воображаемые сообщества как социологический феномен. (Вступительная статья)
The textbook is devoted to the historical, theoretical and applied aspects of modern comparative political science and to the characteristics of the practices of political and comparative studies. The publication presents a wide panorama of the thematic diversity and methodological tools of this subdiscipline of political science and is focused on the formation of practical skills in comparative analysis. The uniqueness of the publication is determined by the synthesis of the institutional and analytical-country approaches: the theoretical and methodological approaches of comparative political science presented in the first part are applied to the analysis of the modern world, varying in character and scale, from major to microstate states.
The textbook reveals the main trends and problems of the development of modern comparative political science. Particular attention is paid to the methodological and methodological issues of comparative analysis in political science, the correlation of qualitative and quantitative approaches to the study of modern political institutions and processes in different countries, the measuring instrument for studying democracy, institutional designs of states, political parties, electoral systems, federations, public policy. The work contains extensive empirical material. The book is intended for students of higher education institutions studying in the direction of "Political Science", and all those interested in the political development of various countries of the modern world. Has the neck of the Educational and Methodological Association.
Alexander Semyonov discusses the recently published book Imperial Visions: How Five Imperial Regimes Shaped the World, by Krishan Kumar, within the broader context of ongoing historiographic debates on global and imperial history, empires as regimes for managing diversity, ruptures and transformations in histories of empire, comparisons between and entangle- ment of imperial histories, methodological nationalism, and nationalism and collapse of empires. Semyonov contends that Imperial Visions relates to recent developments in the eld of global history, provides an impor- tant corrective to the view of global historians that empires are primarily political formations, and strengthens the argument of constructivists in the eld of global history, such as that of Sebastian Conrad on global history as an approach and the processes of “world making.” The most innovative contribution by Imperial Visions to the growing literature on empires is its systematic development of a constructivist approach to empire through ideas and ideologies of imperial mission and entanglement of imperial and national power claims. The article engages the ndings by Kumar with what Semyonov calls the growing consensus on “imperial pragmatism” (which stresses governing and practices in the experience of empire) and tests Ku- mar’s conclusions against the existing historical studies of subjectivity and functioning of universalist visions in the context of imperial diversity and hybridity. Semyonov also nds a serious tension in the book between the constructivist approach to empire through imperial ideologies and visions and the structuralist and essentialist view of the “imperial people.”
The publication is a collection of articles prepared by the participants of the special section of the Russian Association of Political Science held within the framework of the VII RAMI Convention on September 28-29, 2012. The publication reflects the range of problems that were discussed during the section.
Nonism refers to the attitude of whoever is neither for nor against a given issue.Midway between affirmation and denial, or truth and falsity, the nonist says neither "yes" nor "no" and intrigues by his lack of clear answer to any related question. What does (s)he say, if any, and what is the sense of such an attitude? Through the special case of politics, three sorts of nonists are depicted in the following: the nonist by default, the nonist by interest, and the nonist by absurdity. The first cannot say anything else and the second does not want to, whilst the third paves a new way toward a refoundation of political discourse. The conditions of possibility of such a refoundation rely upon the dialectical relationship between two distinctive rationales, namely: the world of theoretical ideas, and the world of events. The resulting contradiction witnesses the crisis of political activity, and some output solutions will be suggested accordingly.