Воображаемые сообщества как социологический феномен. (Вступительная статья)
The textbook is devoted to the historical, theoretical and applied aspects of modern comparative political science and to the characteristics of the practices of political and comparative studies. The publication presents a wide panorama of the thematic diversity and methodological tools of this subdiscipline of political science and is focused on the formation of practical skills in comparative analysis. The uniqueness of the publication is determined by the synthesis of the institutional and analytical-country approaches: the theoretical and methodological approaches of comparative political science presented in the first part are applied to the analysis of the modern world, varying in character and scale, from major to microstate states.
This article explores the multivalent meanings of the “porto-franco” concept and practices in the discussions of the duty-free trade in the Russian Far East in the second half of the 19th century. Taken both as a phenomenon of everyday social, economic and management practices and as a concept that was a product of global intra- and inter-imperial comparison “porto-franco” entered the political language in which the discussion of the political organization of imperial space was conducted. Based on a comparison of several political projects, such as nationalistic and regionalist ones, and their stance towards duty-free trade in the Russian Far East, the article reveals the presence of “porto-franco” in the political vocabulary and imagination of the era due to the politicization and nationalization of economic discourse in the modernizing empire.
The textbook reveals the main trends and problems of the development of modern comparative political science. Particular attention is paid to the methodological and methodological issues of comparative analysis in political science, the correlation of qualitative and quantitative approaches to the study of modern political institutions and processes in different countries, the measuring instrument for studying democracy, institutional designs of states, political parties, electoral systems, federations, public policy. The work contains extensive empirical material. The book is intended for students of higher education institutions studying in the direction of "Political Science", and all those interested in the political development of various countries of the modern world. Has the neck of the Educational and Methodological Association.
Nonism refers to the attitude of whoever is neither for nor against a given issue.Midway between affirmation and denial, or truth and falsity, the nonist says neither "yes" nor "no" and intrigues by his lack of clear answer to any related question. What does (s)he say, if any, and what is the sense of such an attitude? Through the special case of politics, three sorts of nonists are depicted in the following: the nonist by default, the nonist by interest, and the nonist by absurdity. The first cannot say anything else and the second does not want to, whilst the third paves a new way toward a refoundation of political discourse. The conditions of possibility of such a refoundation rely upon the dialectical relationship between two distinctive rationales, namely: the world of theoretical ideas, and the world of events. The resulting contradiction witnesses the crisis of political activity, and some output solutions will be suggested accordingly.