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Regular version of the site

Book chapter

Финский опыт сокращения числа заключенных и его применимость в тюркоязычных странах

С. 242-251.
Ясавеев И. Г.
The article explores Finnish experience of reducing the prison population and its importance for Turkic-speaking countries. About fifty years ago Finland was famous as a ‘land of incarcerations’ due to the fact that its prisoner rate was one of the highest in Europe. The prison population rate in Finland was three-four times higher than in other Nordic countries. But by the end of twentieth century Finland realized a number of penal reforms and reduced the prison population rate having reached the level that is typical for Scandinavian countries. The statistical analysis made by Finnish criminologists demonstrates that this reducing didn’t have any effect on crime rate. Finnish experience can’t be applied directly in Turkic-speaking countries and Russia due to significant social, political and penal differences. However it shows that it is possible to refuse from repressive penal policy without any subsequent growth of crime rate.