Молодые инженеры: белые ворóны или первые ласточки?
The paper attempts to estimate expropriation risks for shareholders in the Russian economy. On the basis of the survey of nearly 1000 manufacturing firms which was conducted in 2009 a series of special «ownership insecurity indices» is constructed and their variation by types of risks and firms is analyzed. Using various econometric techniques the study examines major determinants of ownership insecurity and evaluates its impact on firms investment and innovative activity. The analysis shows that the Russian economy continues to operate on a shaky basis of attenuated and insecure property rights and that under such condition incentives for economic agents to invest in any long-term projects turn out to be inevitably weak.
The chapter focuses on the alternative measures of the relative competitiveness of Russian manufacturing enterprises and on assessing the changes in the distribution of manufacturing firms by those measures between 2005 and 2009.
Technical competencies and specific engineering skills alone are not sufficient in the modern labor market but employers expect engineers to actively promote the products they create. Engineers often perceive their skills differently than employers do. Insufficient university training in a number of fields including the development of social, management and communication skills leads to an objective and understandable gap between the perceived and the required levels of such competencies. Based on the results of a survey of 3158 engineers conducted in 2011 in the Russian Federation, the study shows a number of deficits in the perception of innovation skills and the respective demand for these.