Considered the possibility of using standardized performance indicators for benchmarking procurement of companies. Analyzed the main reasons for the lack of productivity in the procurement.
The paper discusses several reliability measures: Scott’s pi, Krippendorff’s alpha, free marginal adjustment (Bennett, Alpert and Goldstein’s S S ), Cohen’s kappa, and Perreault and Leigh’s I I and the assumptions on which they are based. It is suggested that correlation coefficients between, on one hand, the distribution of qualitative codes and, on the other hand, word co-occurrences and the distribution of the categories identified with the help of the dictionary based on substitution complement the other reliability measures. The paper shows that the choice of the reliability measure depends on the format of the text (stylistic versus rhetorical) and the type of reading (comprehension versus interpretation). Namely, Cohen’s kappa and Bennett, Alpert and Goldstein’s S S emerge as reliability measures particularly suited for perspectival reading of rhetorical texts. Outcomes of the content analysis of 57 texts performed by four coders with the help of computer program QDA Miner inform the analysis.
The work deals with problems of budgeting in the context of the economic crisis. Classification of the budget is considered and their characteristics are given. For each budget, it has proposed a system of indicators. Recommendations were made for the algorithm for calculating these indicators. Particular attention is given to the cost optimization.