Afghan veterans: resonance of memory
In this article, we analyze the peculiarities in commemorative traditions of the “Afghaners,” who find it difficult to express a coherent narrative regarding their war experience. We also look at public memory about them as part of the discourse on Russian war obituaries, which contrast with the discursive customs seen in NATO obituaries for British veterans. This contrast allows an evaluation of differences in these societies’ cultural productions of public memory. The essay concludes with a reflection on the Internet’s influence on public memory regarding the Afghan war; how it gives the war a new lease on life in the digital world, yet also brings a risk of re-evaluating the war and the its’ participants actions.
Narrative functions very greatly and are studied in a wide interdisciplinary spectrum. However, one of the functions of the narrative have not yet been studied in detail and therefore deserves a special attention. This is an alarm function: narratives can not only reconstruct past events, but they can also warn on the possible danger, predict the future events and simulate the reactions of recipients. In theoretical narratology, this function is perceived with caution: narrative is usually considered as a form referring to the past. At the same time, the applied research shows that narratives could be actively involved in the practices of predicting the future. This mechanism is largely based on the collective memory. The article deals on the problem of narrative representation of risk and its relation to collective memory.
The author, the candidate of philosophy, the associate professor of the National Research University Higher School of Economics, suggests first in Russian language the entire historical and conceptual description of the state award system of the socialistic Cuba. In this connection, he disclosures its unique feature: the enormous number of the awards named for the Cuban national heroes. The attempts to find a similar phenomenon in the award systems of the another states all over the world are failed. The analysis of the Cuban personificated awards in light of the historical sociology results in a typology of the persons of the national heroes of the socialistic Cuba symbolically represented in their awards. The comprehension of this unusual phenomenon from the sociological, social-psychological, cultural-scientific and political-scientific standpoints leads to the conclusion that a cult of hero personality historically formed in the socialistic Cuba is reflected in its state award system. The author argues that this cult not barely memorizes the fighters for the liberty and the independence of the Cuba but is an essential component of a civil-patriotic religion which the ruling power created on the basis of the national political culture traditions with the purposes of the consolidation and the development of the Cuban society.
El autor, doctor de filosofía, docente de la Universidad Nacional de Investigación «Escuela Superior de Economía», ofrece por primera vez una completa descripción histórica y conceptual del sistema de condecoración de la Cuba socialista. Fue revelada su característica principal: una cantidad extremadamente grande de premios nombrados en honor a los héroes nacionales cubanos. Los sistemas de condecoración de otros países no presentan este fenómeno. El resultado del análisis de las condecoraciones personalizadas, en lo que a sociología histórica se refiere, es una tipología de la personalidad de los héroes nacionales de la Cuba socialista, representados simbólicamente en las condecoraciones. La comprensión de este particular fenómeno desde los puntos de vista sociológico, socio-psicológico, cultural y político, ha llevado a la conclusión de que en el sistema de condecoración de la Cuba se reflejaba en el culto a los héroes en este país socialista. El autor sostiene que este culto no sólo perpetúa la memoria de los luchadores por la libertad y la independencia de Cuba, sino que además es un elemento esencial de la religión civil-patriótica, creado por el gobierno en base a las tradiciones nacionales de la cultura política con el fin de consolidar y desarrollar la sociedad cubana.
The article considers the phenomenon of nostalgia for the late Soviet times. The author presents the results of his observations over the nostalgia segment of the Russian blogosphere. The article is based on the concepts of the past, collective memory and nostalgia, which have been worked out by M. Halbwachs, D. Lowenthal and S. Boym.
This article is about nostalgic memory of soviet regional intelligentsia.
The Soviet-Afghan war was one of the bloodiest conflicts of the Cold War. Afghanistan was not only the battlefield of the Soviet-American system competition, but was also a place of more or less violent Encounter between "modern" Soviets and "backward" Afghans.